Blog Archive

Thursday, May 23, 2019

Lance's Dark Mood Party Mix Vol 166(Trip Hop / Downtempo / Electronica /...

1. ChasBeats - Living Hell 2. Toonorth - The Beginning – 1:33 3. Bullet 46 - War Construction – 3:45 4. BlackSoul - Your Heart Is As Black As Night(edit) – 6:40 5. Dirty Move Beats - Nostalgia(feat. DJ Плащ) – 10:44 6. Ajgor & OLFVN - Lonely Lovers – 14:41 7. Producto Ilicito – Amala – 17:51 8. TomkillsJerry - Glitch Don't Kill My Vibe – 21:09 9. Tcheep - Spring Blossom – 25:38 10. four.7 - Hermoso '86 – 27:49 11. Mr. Käfer & DDob – Kamakura(feat. Spaze Windu & Yana) – 31:53 12. Lascko - Swim into the Void – 34:13 13. Ogi feel the Beat - Everything She Said – 37:23 14. GeoM - Don't Stop – 41:47 15. Kutamaah - The Anthem – 47:59 16. ANMA & JOVEM - Birds Mind – 52:30 17. Delerium(feat. Sarah McLachlan) - Silence(Tiesto's In Search of Sunrise Remix) – 58:37 Thank you for listening. If you enjoyed this mix, you can check out my previous mix (Vol.165) here:

Tiësto - Live @ Electric Daisy Carnival Las Vegas 2019

Armin van Buuren live at EDC Las Vegas 2019

1 Armin van Buuren vs Shapov - La Résistance De L'Amour 2 Armin van Buuren x Lucas & Steve feat. Josh Cumbee - Don't Give Up On Me (Club Mix) 3 Limelght - Canis Major (Vigel Remix) - Dash Berlin feat. Bo Bruce - Coming Home 4 Armin van Buuren - Jump (Armin van Buuren Remix) 5 Orjan Nilsen - Wait 4 It - Armin van Buuren vs Vini Vici feat. Hilight Tribe - Great Spiri 6 Jewelz & Sparks - Bring It Back (Afrojack x Sunnery James & Ryan Marciano Remix) - Loud Luxury feat. brando - Body 7 Airborn, Bogdan Vix & KeyPlayer feat. Alexandra Badoi - Runaway - Armin van Buuren feat. Mr Probz - Another You 8 Purple Haze x KhoMha - We Come In Peace 9 Armin van Buuren & Luke Bond feat. KARRA - Revolution 10 Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike x Armin van Buuren x W&W - Repeat After Me 11 Blasterjaxx - Alice's Story 12 ID - ID 13 Above & Beyond vs Armin van Buuren - Show Me Love 14 Fatum - The Wolf 15 Planet Perfecto Knights - ResuRection (Maurice West Remix) 16 ID - ID 17 Armin van Buuren - Lifting You Higher (ASOT 900 Anthem) [Blasterjaxx Remix] - Armin van Buuren & Garibay - Phone Down 18 Orjan Nilsen x Dennis Sheperd x Nifra x Estiva - Cabin Fever (Orjan Nilsen Club Mix) - Calvin Harris & Dua Lipa - One Kiss 19 Luke Bond feat. Tyler Graves - Left Of Us 20 MaRLo & Feenixpawl - Lighter Than Air 21 Armin van Buuren feat. Sam Martin - Wild Wild Son (Club Mix) - Armin van Buuren feat. Sam Martin - Wild Wild Son 22 Armin van Buuren vs Shapov - The Last Dancer 23 Ran-D - Zombie - Scott Project - D (Don't Go) - Allen Watts - Flashback 24 Armin van Buuren - Communication (Arkham Knights Remix) 25 Armin van Buuren - Turn It Up Armin van Buuren - Turn It Up (Sound Rush Remix) 26 Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike vs Vini Vici vs Liquid Soul - Untz Untz 27 MaRLo - Space Journey - Armin van Buuren - Ping Pong 28 W&W x Armin van Buuren - Ready To Rave - Wolfpack & Warp Brothers - Phatt Bass 2016 29 Armin van Buuren - Blah Blah Blah Armin van Buuren - Blah Blah Blah (Brennan Heart & Toneshifterz Remix) Armin van Buuren - Blah Blah Blah (Zany Remix)

Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Alain de Botton: On Love | Sydney Opera House

Alain de Botton on Love

We Are Going

We are going to the Moon, to stay, by 2024. And this is how. Special thanks to William Shatner for lending his voice to this project. Credit: NASA This video is available for download from NASA's Image and Video Library:

Monday, May 20, 2019

Saturday, May 18, 2019

Moose and Squirrel

Thursday, May 16, 2019

Rocky and Bullwinkle | Wossamotta U | TV Series Full Episodes | Moose and Squirrel

🐿️ Subscribe for more Rocky and Bullwinkle 🐿️ 🐿️Episodes in order without compilations 🐿️ 🐿️Episodes in order with compilations 🐿️

Lance's Dark Mood Party Mix Vol 165(Trip Hop / Downtempo / Electronica /...

1. 90sFlav - Shyness 2. Beatween – Connect – 2:18 3. Ogi feel the Beat – Sigma – 5:34 4. Nym – Sleep – 7:11 5. The Spy From Cairo – Nafas – 11:18 6. Madwreck - Wreck is the Concept – 17:59 7. Funky Waves - Moscow Nights(Feat. FFB) – 22:06 8. TomkillsJerry - Hello Oh Hell – 24:50 9. Superpoze - The Iceland Sound(Part 2) – 29:13 10. SinSam - Mr & Mrs Greyson - 32:05 11. Raw Mentalitee - From The Day I Was Born – 34:46 12. Al'Tarba - Sun Showerz – 37:52 13. Mononome - Rejoicing Dejection – 40:56 14. Bonobo - Ghost Ship(Version 2012) – 43:12 15. Tom Strobe - Don't Let It Go – 47:09 16. Edamame - Kishi Kaisei(Tor Remix) – 51:50 17. PYM(feat. Esté) - No Pressure(Elias Fassos & RisK remix) – 55:10 18. Morttagua – Priam – 1:01:03 Thank you for listening. If you enjoyed this mix, you can check out my previous mix (Vol.164) here:

Monday, May 13, 2019

Somewhere Over the Rainbow - The Wizard of Oz (1/8) Movie CLIP (1939) HD

Somewhere over the rainbow, way up high There's a land that I've heard of once in a lullaby. Somewhere over the rainbow, skies are blue And the dreams that you dare to dream, Really do come true. Someday I'll wish upon a star And wake up where the clouds are far behind me. Where troubles melt like lemon drops, Way above the chimney tops, That's where you'll find me. Somewhere over the rainbow, blue birds fly Birds fly over the rainbow Why then, oh why can't I? Somewhere over the rainbow, blue birds fly Birds fly over the rainbow Why then, oh why can't I? If happy little bluebirds fly beyond the rainbow Why, oh why can't I?

Dark Side Of The Rainbow Optimized

Pink Floyd The Great Gig In The Sky-HD

"And I am not frightened of dying any time will do I don't mind. Why should I be frightened of dying? There's no reason for it you've gotta go sometime." "If you can hear this whispering you are dying." "I never said I was frightened of dying."

Dark Side of the Rainbow (HD) - Time + Great Gig in the Sky - Fragmento do da famigerada sincronia "Dark Side of the Rainbow", mostrando as músicas Time e The Great Gig in the Sky, em Alta Definição. Estou com o filme legendado completo, ainda pretendo compartilhá-lo no Youtube Legendas feitas por mim

James Taylor & Alison Krauss - The Boxer: Paul Simon Tribute

James Taylor and Alison Krauss pay tribute to Paul Simon at the 2002 Kennedy Centre Honours tribute to Paul Simon. The truncted version of the song is typical of the Kennedy Centre Honours...

Allison Krauss & Jerry Douglas - Carolina In My Mind [HD]

Peter, Paul & Mary - "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" is a 1957 folk song written by political singer/songwriter Ewan MacColl for Peggy Seeger, who was later to become his wife. MacColl wrote the song for Seeger, also a folk singer, after she asked him to pen a song for a play she was in. MacColl wrote the song and taught it to Seeger over the phone. The alternative version of the creation of this song is that MacColl was challenged by a friend to write a love song, with no politics. This song was the result

Lance's Dark Mood Party (re)Mix Vol 135(Trip Hop / Downtempo / Electronica / Chill Out)

1. Wodoo Wolcan - Sketch 2. CMA – It Is What It Is – 2:51 3. 12 Rounds - Come On In Out Of The Rain – 6:35 4. Tiesto(ft. Emily Haines) - Knock You Out(Owen Westlake Remix) – 10:38 5. Ennja – Without You – 15:32 6. Leon – Blur – 20:59 7. Mr. Moods – Heartbeat – 23:43 8. Gasoline - Downtown Beirut – 28:11 9. Remulak – Division – 33:10 10. Ogi feel the Beat - Down to the River – 35:36 11. Silent Disco Sex - Subliminal Rhymes – 43:36 12. kuprion – Wogel – 45:36 13. Peo Watson & Mainro - Chardon Mary – 55:58 14. Timo Revna & Sascha Audit – Tormentor – 1:02:18 15. Dirty Art Club – Switchblade – 1:08:29 Thank you for listening. If you enjoyed this mix, you can check out my previous mix (Vol.134) here: UPDATE: My next mix (Vol.136)is now up. You can listen to it here: Model: Angie Von Kruger Photographer: unknown

Judge Urges Attorneys in Courtney Love Suit to Resolve Service Issues: A woman alleges she received threatening phone calls and text messages from Courtney Love and her former business manager Osama Lutfi for not helping them in their efforts to retrieve a guitar.


How to Legally Ride an Electric Scooter in Santa Monica
Getty Images, File
Kurt Cobain of Nirvana performs in a 1993 file photo in New York City (L). Courtney Love attends an event on Jan. 05, 2019 in Los Angeles (R).

A judge Wednesday ordered attorneys to try to resolve how a woman can serve Courtney Love with a lawsuit alleging the singer stalked and threatened her for not helping retrieve a guitar that once belonged to Love's late husband, Kurt Cobain.
The 1959 Martin D-18E guitar was used during Nirvana's iconic "MTV Unplugged in New York" performance in 1993. Cobain committed suicide the next year.
Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Randolph Hammock said that if no resolution can be reached regarding the service of plaintiff Jessica Sullivan's complaint, he wants the lead attorneys in a companion case to appear before the court.
"I want to get reasonable people together to get things moving," Hammock said.
Sullivan filed her complaint in June 2018. Sullivan alleges she received threatening phone calls and text messages in June and July 2016 from Love and her former business manager, Sam Lutfi, for not helping them in their efforts to retrieve the guitar.
In May 2018, the 54-year-old Love's former son-in-law, Isaiah Silva -- ex-husband of Love's daughter, Frances Bean Cobain -- also sued Love. Silva maintains that in June 2016, actor Ross Butler of the Netflix series "13 Reasons Why" and Lutfi broke into his West Hollywood home and attempted to kill him in an attempt to get the guitar back.
Silva, who has a child with Sullivan, says he was given the guitar by Frances Cobain. Hammock said he was satisfied that Lutfi, who also is being sued by Sullivan, was personally served with Sullivan's lawsuit. However, he said he was not satisfied that the best efforts have been made to also serve Love.

Hammock urged attorneys for Love and Lutfi to consider accepting service on their clients' behalf.
"This is all silliness, in my opinion," the judge said.
Hammock gave the attorneys until June 27 to come to an agreement for service of the Sullivan case. He said that because he does not yet have full legal jurisdiction over the attorneys in the Sullivan case, the lead lawyers in the Silva lawsuit must appear before him on June 27 and explain how the Sullivan case can proceed if the service issues are not resolved before then.

Love and Lutfi later had a falling-out and she obtained a temporary restraining order against him in December, alleging he was harassing her and her family through emails, texts and phone calls.

Lance's Dark Mood Party (re)Mix Vol 68 (Trip Hop / Downtempo / Electroni...

This is a mix that had been up since summer of 2017. It was brought down about a month or two ago due to a copyright issue with one of the tracks. I waited for a while hoping that the conditions of the copyright might have changed, but no luck. So I had to finally give in and remove the offending track to hopefully bring this mix back up and to keep it up. Only time will tell if I have succeeded. ______________________________________________  1. Chang Kee Jazz - Solid State 88 2. Bird Flies High - In Your Stride – 2:36 3. Ours Samplus – Colombus – 6:26 4. SomehowArt - Déjà vu – 9:32 5. Emancipator - First Snow – 13:41 6. Alivvve – Feel – 18:44 7. PAX – Exotie – 22:03 8. Pensees – Chronicle – 25:48 9. Chairman Maf – Juice – 32:49 10. Ogi feel the Beat - The Dark and The Light – 35:39 11. Mr. Moods - Beautiful Disaster – 39:12 12. Tor – Nomad – 44:50 13. Crookram - The Good The Bad & The Gypsy – 49:52 14. Uppermost - Night Walk (Azaleh Bootleg) – 54:06 15. Kori - All This Time – 58:20 16. Ghostsoul - Earthward Bound – 1:02:18 17. Nourma – Eyes – 1:06:24 18. Sloati – Elusive – 1:09:40 Thank you for listening. If you enjoyed this mix, you can check out my previous mix (Vol. 67) here: UPDATE: The next mix (Vol.69) is now completed and posted. It can be found here: 
 3. Mounika. - Smoking With Her – Was taken out.

Dark Sky exercise slated for May 15-17 at sites across state of Wisconsin by Captain Joe Trovato for the WI National Guard

MADISON, Wis. — A full-scale training exercise simulating a long-term mass power outage in Wisconsin kicks off May 15 at sites around the state.

Known as Dark Sky, the exercise runs May 15-17 in Brown, Calumet, Dane, Fond du Lac, Milwaukee, Outagamie and Winnebago Counties and will test the abilities of private utilities, law enforcement, first responders and the National Guard to respond to the scenario as well as its second and third order effects.

The public should not be concerned if they notice an increased emergency responder presence, military personnel, vehicles and equipment, or non-military unmanned aerial vehicles operating in their communities during the exercise. The exercise includes an Alliant Energy facility in Fond du Lac County, which will serve as one of the National Guard training sites.

The goal of the exercise is to increase understanding of the coordination, policies, and procedures required to conduct a joint inter-agency response to cyber and physical threats to critical infrastructure in Wisconsin.

“Dark Sky provides an incredible opportunity for our first responders, the National Guard, emergency management officials, and our private utilities industry partners to exercise our processes now so we are better prepared for threats to our power grid,” Maj. Gen. Don Dunbar, Wisconsin’s adjutant general said. “Our emergency management community must be prepared to deal with the myriad scenarios and challenges posed by a long-term mass power outage, and by training together, we continue building meaningful relationships that leave us better positioned to respond to a real-world situation.”

More than 1,000 participants from the state Emergency Operations Center, the Business Emergency Operations Center, the Wisconsin National Guard, county emergency operations centers, municipal command posts, the American Red Cross, and federal agencies will participate in the exercise.

The Dark Sky scenario includes a variety of incidents that require local, county, and state-level response operations designed to exercise each participating unit and agency. The Wisconsin National Guard will exercise its joint staff and the National Guard Reaction Force in support of private utilities partners, nongovernmental organizations, and local, county, state, and federal agencies for infrastructure security. As part of the exercise, Wisconsin National Guard Soldiers will conduct door-to-door health and welfare checks in Omro, Wisconsin.

The exercise will also test the abilities of public and private sector partners to work directly with local citizens impacted by critical infrastructure failures and to coordinate critical fuel distribution, cyber response, intelligence sharing, and mass care shelters as well as procedures for opening and operating the state’s Business Emergency Operations Center.

The exercise represents the final phase in a series of related exercises that culminate in Dark Sky. In November 2017, the Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs and private utilities partners conducted GridEx in Columbia and Dane Counties. GridEx also simulated a cyber and physical threat to the power grid resulting in a Wisconsin National Guard response. In February, the annual Statewide Interoperable Mobile Communications — or SIMCOM — exercise simulated a notional winter ice emergency that affected 600,000 people and disconnected power to about 50,000 people.

The relationships developed between the Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs and private utilities in Wisconsin during the previous exercises have further honed public-private response capabilities and laid the groundwork for continued success in the Dark Sky exercise.

Sunday, May 12, 2019

Räumungsklage (Eviction)

Homelessness doesn't really frighten me so much as it inconveniences me since where ever I may roam, where I lay my head is Home. Usually there is a Plan B, C, or D. Plenty letters of the Alphabet. It is a time of sorting, a time of vulnerability, a time to throw away. It is not my lifestyle. I realize that not all serious relationships work out in the long term. A Divorce made that both abundantly and redundantly clear after 27 years. Moving on is a fact of this existence I hesitate to call life. Actually it's kind of fun in a way. I'm too old to be Homeless, so they say, so maybe I'll go live in a Nursing Home. I'll declare a million dollar Life Insurance Policy and get more interest than I can handle; for an old man, no? A room to Rent?

Why Are 96,000,000 Black Balls on This Reservoir?

Saturday, May 11, 2019

A man awarded millions of dollars after his wife cheated on him

Get Off The Hamster Wheel!!!!!

Books by Dr. Carter: Laura Charanza's book: Dr. Carter's online video workshops on narcissism, anger management, and overcoming infidelity: Laura Charanza's book: Online counseling: (sponsored)

Talking Heads - And She Was (Official Video)

Talking Heads - Life During Wartime LIVE Los Angeles '83 - Heard of a van that is loaded with weapons Packed up and ready to go Heard of some grave sites, out by the highway A place where nobody knows The sound of gunfire, off in the distance I'm getting used to it now Lived in a brownstone, lived in a ghetto I've lived all over this town This ain't no party, this ain't no disco This ain't no fooling around No time for dancing, or lovey dovey I ain't got time for that now Transmit the message, to the receiver Hope for an answer some day I got three passports, a couple of visas You don't even know my real name High on a hillside, the trucks are loading Everything's ready to roll I sleep in the daytime, I work in the nighttime I might not ever get home This ain't no party, this ain't no disco This ain't no fooling around This ain't no Mudd Club, or C. B. G. B. I ain't got time for that now Heard about Houston? Heard about Detroit? Heard about Pittsburgh, P. A.? You oughta know not to stand by the window Somebody see you up there I got some groceries, some peanut butter To last a couple of days But I ain't got no speakers, ain't got no headphones Ain't got no records to play Why stay in college? Why go to night school? Gonna be different this time Can't write a letter, can't send a postcard, I can't write nothing at all This ain't no party, this ain't no disco, This ain't no fooling around I'd like to kiss you, I'd love you hold you I ain't got no time for that now Trouble in transit, got through the roadblock we blended with the crowd We got computer, we're tapping phone lines I know that ain't allowed We dress like students, we dress like housewives or in a suit and a tie I changed my hairstyle, so many times now I don't know what I look like! You make me shiver, I feel so tender We make a pretty good team Don't get exhausted, I'll do some driving you ought to get some sleep Get you instructions, follow directions Then you should change your address Maybe tomorrow, maybe the next day whatever you think is best Burned all my notebooks, what good are Notebooks? They won't help me survive My chest is aching, burns like a furnace The burning keeps me alive Try to stay healthy, physical fitness Don't want to catch no disease Try to be careful, don't take no chances You better watch what you say

Extrait de " Stop Making Sense " réalisé par Jonathan Demme ( sorti en 1984 ), à partir d'images de concerts des Talking Heads au Hollywood's Pantages Theater, LA, en décembre 1983.

Friday, May 10, 2019

Hunting the One Percent’s Doomsday Bunkers in New Zealand

Journalist Baz MacDonald searches for evidence of the survival bunkers being shipped to New Zealand, while investigating the factors causing this rise in paranoia among the rich and the effect this rhetoric has on their destination of choice - the mountain resort town, Queenstown.

We're Back! Fails of the Week (May 2019) | FailArmy

We're back! FailArmy is fresh out of YouTube jail, and we have some fresh fails! This week we have the worst delivery man in the world, adorable doggos, and more! Watch fails 24/7 on the FailArmy app! Download here:

You can't smell metal

Procedure: Background info: 1-octen-3-ol: is a metal that smells. Osmium forms Os04 with air that we can detect with our noses. The name derives from greek osme = odor

Update About The New Dr Les Carter YouTube Channel

Recently Dr. Les Carter initiated a new channel to house videos about topics related to all sorts of subjects related to the field of counseling and psychology. You are invited to join the new community by clicking the link provided! Dr. Les Carter is a best selling author and therapist who lives in Dallas, Tx. In the past 39 years he has conducted over 60,000 counseling sessions and many workshops and seminars.

Idiocracy - Brawndo's Got Electrolytes - long version

President Dwayne Elizondo Mountain Dew Herbert Camacho's State of the Union

Instagram vs Reality

You can Instagram filter your face, but you can't Instagram filter your heart.

Thursday, May 9, 2019

Pretty sneaky, sis - a victim identity cult spin tactic | HBR Talk 84 opener

Rabbit and Sexy Carrot

Courtney Love Lies at the Million Mom March

Audio and Video from Million Mom March activities including the Mothers Day March in Washington DC in May 2000. Speakers Included Rosie O'Donnell, Courtney Love, Susan Sarandon, Melissa Etheridge, Emmylou Harris, Kerry Kennedy Cuomo, Senator Dick Durbin, Representative Carolyn McCarthy, writer Anna Quindlen, Surgeon General Antonia Novello, Victims, ER Doctors, Faith Leaders, Veterans, Moms and more.

Lance’s Dark Mood Party Mix Vol 164(Trip Hop / Downtempo / Electronic / Chill Out)

1. Tcheep - Buda to Warszawa 2. Diamond Messages - Liquid Summer – 1:46 3. Ogi feel the Beat - Gray Memories – 5:28 4. Hugo Kant - Low Gravity – 9:54 5. Le MELODiST - Rouge Flow – 14:59 6. Maa – Elasia – 19:03 7. Turtle – Us – 23:38 8. Megan Kate – Observatory – 28:03 9. Kan Kick - On The Lookout(Instrumental) – 32:31 10. Joe Beats - Damage(Instrumental Non-Prophets) – 36:44 11. Dday One - Out of the Shadows – 41:48 12. Roger Molls – You – 46:40 13. Shunus – Jiro – 48:46 14. Space Motion & Javier Gonzalez - Butterflies In My Chest(Kintar Remix) – 56:14 15. Ahmet Kilic & V-Dat ft Stellamara - Prituri Se Planinata – 1:02:14 16. Professor Tip - No Comepetetion – 1:08:17 Thank you for listening. If you enjoyed this mix, you can check out my previous mix (Vol.163) here:

Wednesday, May 8, 2019

No Limits: Thalidomide Babies (Phocomelia) | History Documentary | Reel ...

Oscar-winning documentary filmmaker John Zaritsky returns to the story that has fascinated and compelled him for years - thalidomide and it's effect on the survivors of "the worst drug disaster in history." In this, his third film on the subject, he reconnects with some of the thalidomide victims he originally profiled when they were young, and introduces us to some new people who have been active in the fight for justice. He also highlights some recently released information about German pharmaceutical giant Grünenthal, who aggressively marketed the drug, and are now selling it again under a different usage, but still with no compensation for those who's lives they affected so deeply. The indefatigable spirit of the extraordinary thalidomide victims is cast against the callousness disregard of the drug's manufacturers in a film that lays out the story from it's beginnings in the late 50s to the current state of affairs in the present day. Distributed by Sideways Films

Psychiatry and Religion | Thomas Szasz once wrote in 1974: "Since theocracy is the rule of God or its priests, and democracy the rule of the people or of the majority, pharmacracy is therefore the rule of medicine or of doctors."

Thomas Szasz is a psychiatrist and author well known for his criticism of the modern psychiatry movement. He has consistently sought to apply classical liberal principles (such as bodily and mental self ownership) to social science and also explored the consequences of mandatory institutionalization of persons the state deemed to be insane. In his book, "The Myth of Mental Illness" (1960), Szasz claims that psychiatry ultimately robs people of the responsibility of being moral agents by obscuring the difference between socially unacceptable behavior and disease. In this lecture, given at the National Libertarian Party's Nominating Convention in 1983, Szasz compares the influence of psychiatry on the public with the influence of religion on the public (usually with the backing of the respective king or government body) during the Middle Ages. Szasz points out that the state's tendency to use science as a justification for trampling the rights of individuals today is much like the state's tendency to use religious justifications to trample the rights of individuals in days past.

Jordan Peterson Destroys Q&A | 25 February 2019

Jordan Peterson Confronts Australian Politician on Gender Politics and Q...

Dr. Jordan Peterson and prominent Australian Labor Party politician Terri Butler, clash over quotas in parliament on Q&A's Monday night panel.

Jordan Peterson Calls Out The "Pseudo-moralistic Stances" Of Activists |...

Jordan Peterson on taking responsibility for your life | 7.30 News

Jordan Peterson Warning

Global Climate Change

E-journal Preservation and Archiving: Whether, How, Who, Which, Where, and When? By Rick Anderson for Society for Scholarly Publishing Blog

Archives' stacks
Archives' stacks (Photo credit: dolescum)
In a recent piece in Library Journal‘s “Digital Shift” section, Michael Kelley pointed out what looks like an alarming and growing problem:
A recently released study of e-journal preservation at Columbia and Cornell universities revealed that only about 15 percent of e-journals are being preserved and that the responsibility for preservation is diffuse at best.
The article goes on to point out that libraries and publishers are aware of this problem and some are taking concrete steps (evidenced by projects like LOCKSS and Portico and the Cornell/Columbia initiative 2CUL) to solve it. However, even those research libraries that participate in such initiatives usually archive only a few of their eligible holdings, and not all publishers allow their ejournals to be archived by third parties.
This article, and the study it cites, together raise a couple of interesting and difficult questions.
First, are the data accurate? This is a good question, but probably not a really contentious one. Even if the 15% figure is way off, the fundamental issue remains: lots of scholarly content is not being preserved in any kind of rigorous or even reasonably systematic way. I don’t think anyone would dispute that.
Second, how big a deal is this? That question is tougher and more fraught.
During the print era, scholarly publishers weren’t generally expected to perform a robust and reliable archiving function; they produced books and articles, sent them out into the world, and generally left it to others to worry about ensuring those products’ permanent curation. It was understood by everyone in the scholarly information chain that the fact that Yale University Press published a book in 1945 didn’t mean the press would necessarily still be making it available in 1965, let alone 2005. For the most part, archiving the book and ensuring its long-term availability to scholars was simply not part of the publisher’s remit. The same was generally true for scholarly journals.
The archiving-and-access function was performed by libraries—more specifically, by very large academic research libraries. But today, research libraries increasingly pay for online access (usually hosted by the publisher or a third-party aggregator) rather than purchasing physical copies of documents and curating them locally. Such an approach solves lots of problems for students and scholars by making access available remotely, around the clock, and by multiple simultaneous users, and by making it possible for libraries to offer access to far more content than they ever could have provided during the print era. But it also creates problems, among them the one pointed up by this report: a diffuse and ambiguous archiving mandate.
The report raises obvious and fairly urgent operational questions, and by largely ignoring them from this point on in this posting I hope I don’t give the impression that I’m dismissing them. It’s not that I think they’re unimportant—it’s just that a) I have no answers to those questions and b) I know there are lots of very smart people (like Vicky Reich and Kate Wittenberg and the folks involved in the wonderful 2CUL initiative) working on them.
What I want to do here, instead, is back up and ask a larger and maybe even more troubling question: how important is it that we archive all of the scholarly record?
I realize this question may sound crazy. How could any reasonable person (a librarian, no less) suggest that the scholarly record doesn’t need to be robustly and fully archived? I’m not saying that it doesn’t, but I am suggesting that we should stop and think before we automatically assume that it does—and that if we do decide that it does, we need to make ourselves fully aware of the scale of project we’re talking about.
Because let’s be clear about this: to say that we must archive 100% of the scholarly record is to propose an unbelievably monstrous undertaking. In 2010, the University of Ottawa’s Arif Jinha estimated that roughly 50 million scholarly articles had been published since 1665, and that about 1.5 million more would be published during the year in which he was writing. Citing Mark Ware, he predicts annual growth of this number at a rate of 3%. If these numbers are accurate, then simply identifying and tracking the creation of all scholarly articles is a gargantuan task, and it will be dwarfed by the project of systematically capturing, describing, and robustly archiving them.
Now obviously, no one expects that this project would be taken on by a single organization. The only way a comprehensive archive could possibly be created would be as a coordinated effort on the part of many entities. And in that word — “coordinated” — lies a challenge far greater than the already massive one of simply identifying and tracking 1.5 million+ articles per year.
One of the nice things about the old approach to archiving was that it was pretty much inadvertent — it happened organically and mostly without coordination as thousands and thousands of libraries around the world independently built their local collections. But that organic inadvertence hid enormous cost and terrible inefficiency. It also provided only an illusion of completeness and robustness; since there was no coordination, there was never any guarantee that the distributed archive resulting from all that collecting was truly comprehensive, or that if it was comprehensive today, it would remain so next year. If a well-coordinated, robust, and comprehensive scholarly archive was illusory in the print realm, it’s little more than a pipe dream in the online era, given the explosion of new documents and the wild and expanding variety of scholarly products.
Okay, so maybe we just have to accept the fact that an incomplete scholarly archive is inevitable. But this leaves us with another problem, because to say that it’s okay to archive less than 100% of the scholarly record is to reject a (probably impossible) program of comprehensive collecting in favor of an (overwhelmingly difficult) program of discrimination. Who will decide what will be robustly archived and what will not? What are the criteria, and who will determine them? Who will manage the process of discrimination? Who will pay for it?
The older I get, the more impatient I become with people who approach difficult issues with the attitude of “I have no answers; I bring only questions.” (I always want to respond “Whoa, dude, that’s really deep. But thanks for nothing.”) Honestly, though, I don’t know what else to say about this issue. The only really constructive proposal I can make is this: before we try to tackle the logistically daunting problem of comprehensive e-journal preservation, we’d better make sure we’ve addressed the politically daunting problems of deciding — in a rigorous and rational way — exactly how much of that problem we’re able to tackle, and then how we’re going to choose what gets left out. Because make no mistake: there is no way to avoid leaving something out. Better we should make that decision consciously (and painfully) than leave it (more comfortably, but less usefully) to chance and inertia. Do we have the guts to do that?
Rick Anderson

Rick Anderson

Rick Anderson is Associate Dean for Collections and Scholarly Communication in the J. Willard Marriott Library at the University of Utah. He speaks and writes regularly on issues related to libraries, scholarly communication, and higher education, and has served as president of NASIG and of the Society for Scholarly Publishing. He serves as an unpaid advisor on the library boards of numerous publishers and organizations including biorXiv, Elsevier, JSTOR, and Oxford University Press.
View All Posts by Rick Anderson

Tuesday, May 7, 2019

To Understand Facebook, Study Capgras Syndrome: This mental disorder gives us a unique insight into the digital age. By Robert Sapolsky from Nautilus

Illustration by Dadu Shin
We start with the case of a woman who experienced unbearable tragedy. In 1899, this Parisian bride, Madame M., had her first child. Shockingly, the child was abducted and substituted with a different infant, who soon died. She then had twin girls. One grew into healthy adulthood, while the other, again, was abducted, once more replaced with a different, dying infant. She then had twin boys. One was abducted, while the other was fatally poisoned.
Madame M. searched for her abducted babies; apparently, she was not the only victim of this nightmarish trauma, as she often heard the cries of large groups of abducted children rising from the cellars of Paris.
As if all this pain was not enough, Madame M.’s sole surviving child was abducted and replaced with an imposter of identical appearance. And soon the same fate befell Madame M.’s husband. The poor woman spent days searching for her abducted loved ones, attempting to free groups of other abducted children from hiding places, and starting the paperwork to divorce the man who had replaced her husband.
FREUDIAN INFLUENCE: Turn-of-the-century French psychiatrist Joseph Capgras. Illustration Jackie Ferrentino
In 1918, Madame M. summoned the police to aid her in rescuing a group of children locked in her basement. Soon she was speaking with a psychiatrist. She told him she was the direct descendant of Louis XVIII, the queen of the Indies, and of the Duke of Salandra. She had a fortune of somewhere between 200 million and 125 billion francs, and had been substituted as a toddler in a conspiracy to deny her this money. She was constantly under surveillance, and most, if not all, of the people she encountered were substituted doubles, or even doubles of the doubles.
The psychiatrist, Joseph Capgras, listened patiently. It’s delusional psychosis—disordered thought, grandiosity, paranoia—he thought. Pretty standard fare. But then again, no one had ever described the particular delusion of a loved one being replaced by an identical double. What could that be about?
You insist you’ve never seen this person before, but your brain circuitry knows exactly who it is.
Later, describing Madame M. in a case report, Capgras and his intern Jean Reboul-Lachaux wrote, “The feeling of strangeness develops in her, and it jostles with the feeling of familiarity that is inherent in all recognition. But it does not totally invade her consciousness; it does not distort either her perceptions or her memory images.” To Capgras, this was extraordinary. Recognition and familiarity elicited different emotions in Madame M. Her problem was she couldn’t reconcile the two emotions. The delusion of doubles wasn’t a sensory delusion, “but rather the conclusion of emotional judgment.”
“Capgras delusions,” as psychiatrists eventually called the belief that loved ones have been replaced by identical imposters, are not just archival oddities. Our modern understanding of the disorder tells us much about how the brain has separate modules for analyzing the cognitive aspects of recognition, and for feeling the emotional aspects of familiarity. It shows us that while cognition and emotion can be neurobiologically dissociated, behavior makes a lot more sense when they’re left alone to intertwine.
As a contemporary neuroscientist, I see the history of Capgras delusions as a perfect example of the transformation of our thinking about the brain and behavior. The syndrome was, at first, the intellectual property of scientists for whom the mind had little to do with the brain. For them, Capgras delusions, like all delusions and everything else that would fall into the portfolio of psychiatry, was a metaphysical issue of mind and psyche.
But over this century, it has come to be recognized that every thought, emotion, or behavior is the direct end product of the material brain. The ways in which Capgras delusions are the product of such materialism tells us much about the differences between the thoughts that give rise to recognition and the feelings that give rise to familiarity. As we’ll see, these functional fault lines in the social brain, when coupled with advances in the online world, have given rise to the contemporary Facebook generation. They have made Capgras syndrome a window on our culture and minds today, where nothing is quite recognizable but everything seems familiar.
Madame M.’s delusions would seem to make perfect sense as a response to the trauma she experienced in her life. Amid her ravings about poisonings and abductions, four of her five children had indeed died in infancy. Given that reality, there could be things a lot worse than a protective delusional belief that your children are alive somewhere. But psychiatrists of the time weren’t oriented to the possibility of delusions arising from trauma that has produced a biologically damaged brain.
Instead, theorizing about the source of Capgras delusions took a psychodynamic turn. Freud had already declared in 1911 that delusions were caused by intensely repressed urges; this general flavor of interpretation was readily retrofitted for the specifics of Capgras delusions. By the 1930s, mainstream psychiatric opinion settled on a standard psychodynamic interpretation of Capgras delusions. Freudian dogma revolves, of course, around sexual repression, and the conflicting feelings of love and hate that we all carry concerning the people closest to us. In that framework, those who are not psychologically robust enough to handle such ambivalence succumb to Capgras—loved ones have to be split into a bad version (the imposter on the scene) and a good one (who has been abducted). Voila! (Except for having to explain why Madame M. happened to have unmanageably ambivalent feelings about most of the population of Paris, as well as about the doubles destined to have their own doubles.)
With the Freudian explanation in place, discussions about Capgras delusions often devolved into an issue of classificatory taste. Some viewed Capgras as a delusion all its own (with its own special psychodynamic causes). Others viewed it as simply one of an array of psychodynamically rooted “delusional misidentification syndromes.” Those included Fregoli delusions, where the sufferer believes that various people are actually the same person in disguise; Cotard’s syndrome, the belief that your blood or organs have been absconded with, or that you don’t exist at all; or reduplicative paramnesia, the sense that a familiar place has been copied and substituted. Meanwhile, other psychiatric savants who leaned toward taxonomic lumping merely clumped all these together with the garden-variety delusions that are secondary to psychosis.
For over half a century, Capgras delusions sat comfortably in the realm of psychiatry. In the 1960s and ’70s, it became clear the delusions can also occur in individuals with disorders such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s. This didn’t ruffle many classificatory feathers. After all, if your memory is declining to the point where loved ones are starting to be unrecognizable, your loved ones’ claims to kinship must seem pretty suspect, the acts of imposters. (My father, in the final stretch of a substantial dementia, once agitatedly shouted to my mother, “Where is my wife, my real wife, you’re not my wife, you’re some, er, some Communist!”) Dementia-related Capgras delusions were viewed as merely garden-variety delusions and confabulations that are secondary to cognitive failure, while any other examples remained endowed with psychodynamic meaning.
Capgras delusions, though, were about to come under the spell of one of the biggest revolutions in 20th-century medicine. It was spurred by the shock waves sent by the discovery in the 1950s that using a drug to block a certain type of neurotransmitter receptor was a lot more helpful to a schizophrenic than years of psychotherapy. This fostered the recognition that all behavior is rooted in biology, that aberrancies of behavior and neuropsychiatric disorders are as “real” biologically as, say, diabetes.
She summoned the police to aid her in rescuing a group of children locked in her basement.
Ironically, Capgras himself, in his earliest writings, briefly speculated that the delusions could reflect some sort of brain disease, before jumping on the psychodynamic bandwagon. Then an obscure paper in 1930 tentatively suggested the same, and was roundly ignored. It wasn’t until a spate of studies in the 1970s that two facts came to be appreciated.
First, if you examine the brains of people with Capgras delusions, you’ll often find clear evidence of brain disease. The appreciation of this came slowly, simply because the techniques available at the time—electroencephalography (EEGs), early generation brain scanners—picked up abnormalities in only a subset of individuals. But as more sensitive techniques came on board, such as functional brain imaging, it became clear that a substantial percentage of Capgras sufferers had organic brain diseases, usually centered around damage or atrophy of the frontal cortex.
This second fact was the flipside of the first: If the brain, particularly parts of the frontal cortical regions, were damaged, people would occasionally develop Capgras delusions.
A good example is seen in a 2013 study of a woman who had suffered an intracerebral hemorrhage in her right frontal cortex. After years of rehabilitation, she had mostly recovered function, having some residual spatial orientation problems. And while she readily recognized most people in her life, including her daughter and grandchild, she insisted that her husband had been replaced by an imposter. Yes, yes, she’d admit, he looks just like my husband, and he has been very helpful during my recovery, but he is most certainly not my husband; my husband is elsewhere. She readily identified pictures of her husband, but this man before her was not him. She also believed that her home had been replaced with an exact duplicate.
Capgras delusions had become the province of acute neurological insults. Discrete damage to the brain can produce someone who can identify the features of a loved one, yet who insists that the living, breathing person in front of them is an imposter. Which turns out to tell us a lot about one of the great false dichotomies about the brain.
Starting at least with Descartes, there has been the dualist distinction between “mind” and “brain,” or in a spinoff that has particularly engaged neuroscientists recently, between “cognition” and “emotion.” In the standard view, the latter two are functionally and neurobiologically separable, and are in some sort of perpetual, epic struggle over the control of your behavior. Moreover, this dichotomizing has typically given rise to the view that one of the two, in some sense a mixture of ethics and aesthetics, should dominate the other.
A dichotomy between cognition and emotion, we now know, is false, clearly explored in neuroscientist Antonio Damasio’s 1994 book, Descartes’ Error. The two endlessly interact, both functionally and neurobiologically. And most importantly, they’d better, because what we view as normal function requires extensive integration of the two.
This is seen when it comes to making decisions, especially in an emotionally aroused circumstance. Consider two key regions of the prefrontal cortex. First, there is the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC), one of the most egg-heady and “cognitive” parts of the brain; commensurate with that, it is the most recently evolved, and the slowest maturing brain region. Selective damage to the dlPFC produces someone who makes terrible decisions. Often this patient is impulsive, incapable of postponing gratification, and has an inability to shift his or her behavior in response to feedback. This is someone who, in a choice scenario, can verbalize the optimal strategy—“I know how this works, I’m going to wait for the second reward because it’s a lot bigger”—and then can’t stop themselves from choosing the lousy, instant payoff.
Meanwhile, there’s the “emotional” ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), which is the conduit between the frontal cortex and the limbic system. Selective damage to the vmPFC produces someone who also makes terrible decisions, but of a different type. This person has tremendous difficulty deciding anything; he or she lacks any “gut” intuition in such matters. Moreover, the decisions tend toward cold, heartless pragmatism. When meeting someone, he might say, “Hello, I see that you are quite overweight,” and when chastised about it later, will respond with a puzzled, “But it’s true.”
When it comes to decision-making, particularly in a social context, what we view as appropriate behavior reflects a balance between emotion and cognition. What Capgras delusions show is that a similar balance occurs when it comes to identifying those whom we know best.
How do we identify a loved one? Well, he has eyes of a known color; distinctive hair texture; a particular posture; that scar on his chin from when he was a kid. Things we know. This is the purview of a highly specialized part of the primate brain, the fusiform gyrus, which recognizes faces, particularly those of significance.
Illustration by Dadu Shin
But this is only half the story. How else do we identify the Significant Other? Well, we reimagine what it was like to hold her in our arms the first time; her scent from up close summons a thousand memories; we note her brief sardonic smile, knowing that it means she’s also bored by the dinner host. Things we feel. And this is the neurological purview of the “extended face processing system,” a diffuse network including a variety of cortical and limbic regions.
Identification is at the intersection of factual recognition and a sense of familiarity. In this framework, Capgras delusions arise when there is selective damage to the extended face processing network, impairing the sense of familiarity. Factual recognition is intact; you know that this person looks just like your loved one. But they just don’t feel familiar.
In the 2013 study, the woman with Capgras delusions about her husband, following her hemorrhage, underwent brain imaging while looking at pictures of familiar and unfamiliar people. In control subjects, both types of faces activated the fusiform face area, while familiar faces additionally activated brain regions associated with intention and the intersection of emotion and memory. And the woman with the delusions? She had normal activation of the fusiform, but no activation in the other regions. Her facial recognition was fine, while the emotional meaning of the face had evaporated.
But this only gets you halfway to the delusion. Suppose there’s one of those quirky moments where your Significant Other says or does something out of character, feels unfamiliar. Wow, that’s not like him, we think. We don’t then conclude, however, that he must have been replaced by an identical imposter. Instead, we find a more plausible explanation—it’s, say, because he didn’t get much sleep. The neurological damage that gives rise to Capgras delusions not only impairs the sense of familiarity, but also the reflective, evaluative capacities that would lead you to reject your imposter hypothesis as preposterous. Instead, Capgras sufferers often become hyper-detailed in their observations, as a means to confabulate an explanation for a world that makes little sense. Ah-ha, my Significant Other has a gap between his front teeth, but not as large as with this imposter. Nice try, buddy.
Capgras’ intact recognition but damaged sense of familiarity has a neurological flipside, something first emphasized in 1990 by Hadyn Ellis and Andrew Young in the United Kingdom. This is prosopagnosia, a defect seen with damage to the fusiform gyrus. People no longer recognize faces, including those of loved ones, celebrities or famous historical figures. This can be hugely troubling, and sufferers can grope their way back to the rudiments of normal function with the most mechanical algorithms of recognition. Ah, if this person visiting me in the hospital room has this shaped face, this particular birthmark, then it’s my spouse.
But the thing that makes acquired prosopagnosia the mirror of Capgras delusions is the fact that with the former, amid destruction of cognitive recognition, the affective sense of familiarity is still there. Show someone with prosopagnosia a series of faces—Nope, I don’t recognize this person, not that one either—with a picture of a loved in the sequence, and you will see the same disavowal—Nah, don’t recognize this one—but the autonomic nervous system responds to familiarity. Heart rate changes, galvanic skin conductance shifts. Recognition is shot, you insist you’ve never seen this face before in your life, but the affective circuitry of the brain knows exactly who it is—this is the one who makes me feel safe, whose smile and form and scent have greeted me each morning since we joined our lives.
WHO ARE YOU?: Like Capgras delusions, face blindness represents a rift between recognition and familiarity. The struggle to identify a close friend can be seen in arresting paintings like “Roy I,” a portrait of pop artist Roy Lichtenstein. Chesnot/Getty Images
The terrible and complementary dislocations of Capgras delusions and prosopagnosia show what happens when you pry apart the conjoined balance of cognition and emotion. The separate modules of our brains underlie dissociable functions, but we rarely fare well when those functions are dissociated. The dissociation of cognition and emotion, of recognition and familiarity, is what makes Capgras delusions a metaphor for the state of our minds today.
How do we identify a loved one? This is the purview of the primate brain.
For 99 percent of hominid history, social communication consisted of face-to-face interactions with someone you’ve hunted and foraged with most of your life. But then the recognition and familiarity components got pried apart by modern technology. By “modern technology,” I mean a newfangled invention that came along a few millennia ago—you could communicate with someone by putting scratches of ink on a piece of paper, and then sending that paper a great distance where they’d decode it. Wait, you know someone by their microexpressions, their pheromones, their totality—not by implicitly assessing word frequency in their letter or the scrawl of their signature. This was a first technological blow to the usual primate sense of familiarity. And the challenges have accelerated exponentially from there. Is this text message from my loved one, does it feel familiar? Well, it depends. What emoticon did they use?
Thus, not only has modern life increasingly dissociated recognition and familiarity, but it has impoverished the latter in the process. This is worsened by our frantic skill at multitasking, especially social multitasking. A recent Pew study reported that 89 percent of cell phone owners used their phones during their most recent social gathering. We reduce our social connections to mere threads so that we can maintain as many of them as possible. This leaves us with signposts of familiarity that are frail remnants of the real thing.
This can lead to a problem; namely that we become increasingly vulnerable to imposters. Our social media lives are rife with simulations, and simulations of simulations of reality. We are contacted online by people who claim they know us, who wish to save us from cybersecurity breaches, who invite us to open their links. And who are probably not quite who they say they are.
By any logic, this should induce all of us to have Capgras delusions, to find it plausible that everyone we encounter is an imposter. After all, how can one’s faith in the veracity of people not be shaken when you sent all that money to the guy who claimed he was from the IRS?
But something very different has occurred instead. This withering of primate familiarity in the face of technology prompts us to mistake an acquaintance for a friend, just because the two of you have a Snapchat streak for the last umpteen days, or because you both like all the same Facebook pages. It allows us to become intimate with people whose familiarity then proves false. After all, we can now fall in love with people online whose hair we have never smelled.
Through history, Capgras syndrome has been a cultural mirror of a dissociative mind, where thoughts of recognition and feelings of intimacy have been sundered. It is still that mirror. Today we think that what is false and artificial in the world around us is substantive and meaningful. It’s not that loved ones and friends are mistaken for simulations, but that simulations are mistaken for them.
Robert Sapolsky is a professor of biology, neurology, and neurosurgery at Stanford University, and author of A Primate’s Memoir and Why Zebras Don’t Get Ulcers. His newest book, Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst will be published in the spring. Subscribe to Nautilus.
This post originally appeared on Nautilus and was published November 10, 2016. This article is republished here with permission.