Blog Archive

Saturday, July 14, 2018

1930s Germany, Summertime in Munich, Rare Colour Home Movie Footage

1936 German Color Film - Berlin in the Year of the Olympic Games

German propaganda complete color documentary from 1936. An outstanding portrait of daily life in Berlin in this rare, well preserved film, with the magical feeling of the pastel colors of Agfachrome. Strangely, it appears that parts of this documentary were filmed in 1939, after the Siegessäule was moved to it's new location. (Thanks to friend youtuber Gumbypotty.) Original soundtrack. No subtitles.

1947 8mm Film: Marshal South Family, Ghost Mountain, Anza Borrego Desert

You can learn more about Marshal South in Sunbelt Publications' "Marshal South and the Ghost Mountain Chronicles" (http://sunbeltpublications.com/shop/m...) and also "Marshal South Rides Again: His Anza-Borrego Novels" (http://sunbeltpublications.com/shop/m...). This is one of the only known films of Marshal South and his family, taken in 1947 at their home, Yaquitepec, on Ghost Mountain, in what is now Anza Borrego Desert State Park. The film is narrated by Rider South, eldest of the children. The film was acquired many years ago by Diana Lindsay, and was subsequently donated to the ABDSP archives. I produced the recording of the narration in 2002 (or thereabouts), at a time when this was the only known film of the South family. I recently was able to borrow the film to make a high-quality scan of it using my Moviestuff Retroscan Universal film scanner. This version is far better than the previous transfer that was made of the film. Thanks to Diana Lindsay and ABDSP for helping make this film transfer possible!

Super 8mm film 1977 Gerald, Doris, Pat, and Diana

Patrick Williams: Scuba diving at Lake Travis and tubing the Guadalupe river near New Braunfels. After shooting the tubing section of film, we decided to store the film cartridge in the ice chest. When the ice melted, the film was under water, so the middle section of the video has a very distressed and tie dyed look. The canoeing section is brief because shortly after the last shot my canoe flipped in rougher water. I'm lucky to have any film of this fun trip.

Rocky Balboa - Motivational/Inspirational Speech To Son (1080p)

No One hits harder than life. It's not how hard you're hit. It's how you take the hits and keep moving forward. You changed. People point their fingers in your face and tell you who you are. And you blame shadows; excuses...That ain't you!

The whole story of Conor Clapton (story 'behind' the tears in heaven)

Would you know my name If I saw you in heaven Will it be the same If I saw you in heaven I must be strong, and carry on Cause I know I don't belong Here in heaven Would you hold my hand If I saw you in heaven Would you help me stand If I saw you in heaven I'll find my way, through night and day Cause I know I just can't stay Here in heaven Time can bring you down Time can bend your knee Time can break your heart Have you begging please Begging please (instrumental) Beyond the door There's peace I'm sure. And I know there'll be no more... Tears in heaven Would you know my name If I saw you in heaven Will it be the same If I saw you in heaven I must be strong, and carry on Cause I know I don't belong Here in heaven Cause I know I don't belong Here in heaven

Thursday, July 12, 2018

Lance's Dark Mood Party Mix Vol 121 (Trip Hop / Downtempo / Electronica ...

1. The Laidbackz - Some Things 2. El Stefanato & 4thFloor - Go Home – 4:01 3. Isaac Haze - Nasir's Turn – 7:59 4. Ogi feel the Beat – Elena – 12:47 5. Mononome - Why Not – 14:47 6. Setvice - Dig Deep – 18:36 7. Pretty Light - We Must Go On – 21:12 8. Ours Samplus – Geisha – 26:48 9. Crustation – Hey – 29:17 10. Fab Beat - Message For My People – 33:18 11. Fatbabs - Youthman Story(Instrumental) – 37:00 12. JK Soul - Battle Of Life(Gramatik Remix) – 39:35 13. The Sound Defects - Theme From The Iron Horse – 43:55 14. Loopez – Panorama – 48:10 15. Gramatik - Dungeon Sound – 52:32 16. MIND THE BEATZ - Pad Thaï – 56:21 17. Yonderboi – Pabadam – 59:52 18. Zambu - The Day of the Rising Spring – 1:03:49

Lana Del Rey - Goodbye Kiss

Doomed from the start We met with a goodbye kiss, I broke my wrist It all kicked off, I had no choice You said that you didn't mind 'cause love’s hard to find Maybe the days we had are gone, living in silence for too long Open your eyes and what do you see? No more laughs, no more photographs Turning slowly, looking back, see No words, can save this, you’re broken and I’m pissed Run along like I’m supposed to, be the man I ought to Rock and Roll, sent us insane, I hope someday that we will meet again Running wild Giving it everyone, now that’s all done Maybe the days we had are gone, living in silence for too long Open you’re eyes and what do you see? No more laughs, no more photographs Turning slowly, looking back, see No words, can save us, you’re broken and I’m pissed Run along like I’m supposed to, be the man I ought to Rock and Roll, sent us insane, I hope someday that we will meet again You go your way and I’ll go my way No words can save us, this lifestyle made us Run along like I’m supposed to, be the man I ought to Rock and Roll, sent us insane, I hope someday that we will meet again

Goodbye Kiss (the original is from Kasabian and this is a cover) Video: Movie: Atonement (2007) Watch Movie here: https://fmovies.is/film/atonement.5qmm Lyrics from (Raul Robles) 🖤

Lana Del Rey - Summertime Sadness

2:40

Colm Wilkinson - Bring Him Home (Les Misérables) [720p] God on high Hear my prayer In my need You have always been there He is young He's afraid Let him rest Heaven blessed. Bring him home Bring him home Bring him home. He's like the son I might have known If God had granted me a son. The summers die One by one How soon they fly On and on And I am old And will be gone. Bring him peace Bring him joy He is young He is only a boy You can take You can give Let him be Let him live If I die Let me die Let him live Bring him home Bring him home Bring him home.

Wednesday, July 11, 2018

As Migrant Families Are Reunited, Some Children Don’t Recognize Their Mothers - The New York Times

Roger Waters (Pink Floyd) - Mother - LIVE 2018, HQ sound + HD video

Mother, do you think they'll drop the bomb? Mother, do you think they'll like this song? Mother, do you think they'll try to break my balls? Ooooh aah, mother, should I build the wall? Mother, should I run for president? Mother, should I trust the government? Mother, will they put me in the firing line? Ooooh aah, is it just a waste of time? Hush now, baby, baby, don't you cry Mama's gonna make all of your nightmares come true Mama's gonna put all of her fears into you Mama's gonna keep you right here under her wing She won't let you fly but she might let you sing Mama's gonna keep baby cosy and warm Ooooh, babe, ooooh, babe, ooooh, babe Of course Mama's gonna help build the wall Mother, do you think she's good enough? Mother, do you think she's dangerous? Mother, will she tear your little boy apart? Oooh aah, mother, will she break my heart? Hush now, baby, baby, don't you cry Mama's gonna check out all your girlfriends for you Mama won't let anyone dirty get through Mama's gonna wait up till you get in Mama will always find out where you've been Mamma's gonna keep baby healthy and clean Ooooh, babe, ooooh, babe, ooooh, babe You'll always be a baby to me Mother, did it need to be so high?Oooh aah, mother, will she break my heart?

Lana Del Rey - End Of The World - Patti Smith from Mother!

Lana Del Rey - The Blackest Day

East of Eden (1955), A Fine Pair (1968), Lolita (1997), Melancholia (2011), The Dreamers (2003), Robert Pattinson 'Dior' Advertisement, Ruby Sparks (2012), Like Crazy (2011), God Help The Girl (2014), Plush (2013), Sucker Punch (2011), Legend (2015).

Saturday, July 7, 2018

Fireworks All Go Off at Once - Tultepec Mexico

Exploring an Incredible Abandoned Cathedral

ABANDONED BEAUTIFUL CHURCH & CATHOLIC SCHOOL

Disrespected and Abandoned Catholic Church Explored | St. Margaret Mary ...

This is part 1 of 3 of the St. Margaret Mary of Detroit series. I originally went to explore this Catholic church expecting for it to be a normal video. Fortunately for all of us, I had some wonderful surprises. These surprises has prompted me to create a 3 part series that takes me through 3 different buildings within one explore.
I'm releasing these 3 videos over a span of 3 days (back to back to back) and I am hoping you embrace and enjoy all of them. Subscribe and share this video is you like it. Thanks! Previous Urban Exploration Video: The Abandoned Detroit Kettering High School: Everything Was Destroyed But the Dishes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VkIzL... Mail: AntonDaniels.com 7650 Cooley Lake Rd, #27 Union Lake, MI 48327

St. Margaret Mary was founded in June of 1920, with its first service held in a doctor's office on Bewick Avenue on Detroit's east side. Any doubts he may have had about the viability of the parish were quickly wiped away, as the congregation grew quickly, and began construction of a church building on the corner of Warren Avenue and Lemay Street in late July. Within seven weeks the construction of the church was far enough along that services could be held in it, and was finished by December. Just six months had passed from founding to finishing. In 1982, the Detroit Archdiocese closed St. Margaret Mary Church, which was only averaging about 50 to 65 parishioners on Sundays. The aging church building needed significant repairs, the cost of which could only be born by a larger congregation. Two years later, the church, parish house and the school (which had closed in 1970) were sold to Hill of Calvary Missionary Baptist Church, which moved in 1984. As recently as October of 2011 Hill of Calvary was still holding services in the church building. There were tentative plans to reopen the school as a community center, but the shrinking congregation was struggling to maintain and repair the sanctuary, which had fallen into disrepair. Sometime in late 2011 or early 2012 services were moved into the basement of the parish house in between the church and school. In August of 2012, the parish house and old sanctuary are broken into and badly vandalized. Musical instruments were stolen, and the perpetrators tried to set the church on fire. Police were called but weren't able to make the scene, suggesting to the church that they file a report online. The parish house was boarded up a few days later, and has not been active since.

Urban Catholic School Abandoned and In Shambles | St. Margaret Mary of D...

This is part 1 of 3 of the St. Margaret Mary of Detroit series. I originally went to explore this Catholic church expecting for it to be a normal video. Fortunately for all of us, I had some wonderful surprises. These surprises has prompted me to create a 3 part series that takes me through 3 different buildings within one explore.
I'm releasing these 3 videos over a span of 3 days (back to back to back) and I am hoping you embrace and enjoy all of them. Subscribe and share this video is you like it. Thanks! Previous Urban Exploration Video: The Abandoned Detroit Kettering High School: Everything Was Destroyed But the Dishes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VkIzL... Mail: AntonDaniels.com 7650 Cooley Lake Rd, #27 Union Lake, MI 48327

St. Margaret Mary was founded in June of 1920, with its first service held in a doctor's office on Bewick Avenue on Detroit's east side. Any doubts he may have had about the viability of the parish were quickly wiped away, as the congregation grew quickly, and began construction of a church building on the corner of Warren Avenue and Lemay Street in late July. Within seven weeks the construction of the church was far enough along that services could be held in it, and was finished by December. Just six months had passed from founding to finishing. In 1982, the Detroit Archdiocese closed St. Margaret Mary Church, which was only averaging about 50 to 65 parishioners on Sundays. The aging church building needed significant repairs, the cost of which could only be born by a larger congregation. Two years later, the church, parish house and the school (which had closed in 1970) were sold to Hill of Calvary Missionary Baptist Church, which moved in 1984. As recently as October of 2011 Hill of Calvary was still holding services in the church building. There were tentative plans to reopen the school as a community center, but the shrinking congregation was struggling to maintain and repair the sanctuary, which had fallen into disrepair. Sometime in late 2011 or early 2012 services were moved into the basement of the parish house in between the church and school. In August of 2012, the parish house and old sanctuary are broken into and badly vandalized. Musical instruments were stolen, and the perpetrators tried to set the church on fire. Police were called but weren't able to make the scene, suggesting to the church that they file a report online. The parish house was boarded up a few days later, and has not been active since.

History Left Behind In Abandoned Pastor's House | St. Margaret Mary of D...

This is part 1 of 3 of the St. Margaret Mary of Detroit series. I originally went to explore this Catholic church expecting for it to be a normal video. Fortunately for all of us, I had some wonderful surprises. These surprises has prompted me to create a 3 part series that takes me through 3 different buildings within one explore.
I'm releasing these 3 videos over a span of 3 days (back to back to back) and I am hoping you embrace and enjoy all of them. Subscribe and share this video is you like it. Thanks! Previous Urban Exploration Video: The Abandoned Detroit Kettering High School: Everything Was Destroyed But the Dishes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VkIzL... Mail: AntonDaniels.com 7650 Cooley Lake Rd, #27 Union Lake, MI 48327

St. Margaret Mary was founded in June of 1920, with its first service held in a doctor's office on Bewick Avenue on Detroit's east side. Any doubts he may have had about the viability of the parish were quickly wiped away, as the congregation grew quickly, and began construction of a church building on the corner of Warren Avenue and Lemay Street in late July. Within seven weeks the construction of the church was far enough along that services could be held in it, and was finished by December. Just six months had passed from founding to finishing. In 1982, the Detroit Archdiocese closed St. Margaret Mary Church, which was only averaging about 50 to 65 parishioners on Sundays. The aging church building needed significant repairs, the cost of which could only be born by a larger congregation. Two years later, the church, parish house and the school (which had closed in 1970) were sold to Hill of Calvary Missionary Baptist Church, which moved in 1984. As recently as October of 2011 Hill of Calvary was still holding services in the church building. There were tentative plans to reopen the school as a community center, but the shrinking congregation was struggling to maintain and repair the sanctuary, which had fallen into disrepair. Sometime in late 2011 or early 2012 services were moved into the basement of the parish house in between the church and school. In August of 2012, the parish house and old sanctuary are broken into and badly vandalized. Musical instruments were stolen, and the perpetrators tried to set the church on fire. Police were called but weren't able to make the scene, suggesting to the church that they file a report online. The parish house was boarded up a few days later, and has not been active since.

Friday, July 6, 2018

Lance's Dark Mood Party Mix Vol 120 (Trip Hop / Downtempo / Electronica ...

1. Ancient Astronauts & Asphate - Suffocate(Instrumental) 2. Crustation – Purple – 3:41 3. Frenic - Old Waltz – 8:03 4. Meg Myers - Desire(Hucci Remix) – 12:14 5. Fmr2mars - Music Makers – 16:05 6. Ogi feel the Beat – Klasik – 19:43 7. L'Orange & Stik Figa - Stone Like Me(Instrumental) – 23:43 8. Lawkyz - Twilight To Paradise – 27:08 9. Darko Music - My Thing To Do – 29:10 10. Kognitif – SexyBrown – 33:10 11. Mononome - Every End Is A New Beginning – 36:05 12. Erik Jackson - Through The Storm(Esbe and Impuls Remix) – 40:25 13. LAINEKEN - Science Fixshun – 44:58 14. kumi - tha vibraphone(ft. nuttkase) – 50:13 15. Mounika. - I Know After Laughter – 52:59 16. Quatri(ft. Alexandra Pride) - Lost Jungle(Just Her Remix) – 55:15 17. Sergey Post & Arctic Night(ft. Mix'usha) - Poison Love(Matteo Monero Remix) – 1:02:41 Model: Yvette VickersPhotographer: Russ MeyerPlayboy magazine 1959

Monday, July 2, 2018

PACO: Rescued Dog Loves New Life of Adventure - Luckiest Puppy Ever! (HD)

After being deserted on a lonely highway, I rescued this adorable puppy dog and took him on an unforgettable adventure. Paco is the best dog I could have ever asked for! I love having Paco in my life, and I think he loves it too! -PACO SHIRTS:https://teespring.com/roadsidepaco#pid=2&cid=2397&sid=front
Business Inquiries: 321sendit@gmail.com Filmed and edited by: Chase Reinford Additional filming by: Steven Donovan and friends

Take Me To Church - Piano / Vocal Hozier Cover ft. Morgan James

Offer me that deathless death, my God let me give you my life!One take, no overdubs. Morgan James - vocals 
Scott Bradlee - piano

How to survive the teenage years: a parents’ guide by Camilla Palmer for The Guardian


Adolescence doesn’t have to be scary. Let our experts guide you through the hazards

Mother and daughter arguing in living room
‘Sometimes its immensely reassuring to know that there’s a biological reason behind some adolescent behaviour.’ Photograph: JGI/Jamie Grill/Getty Images/Blend Images
The Quentin Blake picture book, Zagazoo, tells the surreal story of George and Bella, who become parents after they unwrap a parcel containing a baby. The perfect baby becomes a baby vulture who screeches all night; in toddlerdom, he’s a clumsy elephant. When Zagazoo hits the teen years, he turns into a hulking beast who becomes stranger and hairier by the minute, and they hit breaking point. Blake’s illustrations get wilder. George’s hair turns grey. “Suppose it never stops,” Bella panics. “It doesn’t bear thinking about,” George cries. “What will become of us?”
It’s very funny, but it also conveys a powerful message about adolescence: that it’s something to dread, survive, tolerate – for children and parents.
But does it have to be this way? We asked the experts, from our own advice columnist to counsellors, writers and gaming gurus, people with professional and personal experience of the teenage years. The result is our guide to embracing your adolescent, understanding the very real changes they’re undergoing, comprehending the world they inhabit – and perhaps taking a look at yourself, too.

1 Let go

“Parents are biologically driven to protect their child, but in evolutionary terms, the protected child has to grow up and separate, and so the period of adolescence is there for that to happen,” says Nicola Morgan, who writes about teenagers.
Morgan says this process is easier for teens, because they’re biologically programmed to separate, while the parents are still in protection mode. “There’s nothing in the parent brain that makes it want to separate from the child. The trouble happens when we try to protect for too long – that’s where, often, conflict comes.”
“It’s OK to mourn the loss of the cuddly little person, but embrace the fact that they’re entering a new stage of life,” Relate counsellor Ammanda Major says.
But don’t think your teenager doesn’t need you any more. “They absolutely do, even though they think they don’t,” Major says. “It’s just that it’s different from when they were a child and you were in total control.”

2 Understand the biology

Hormones and seismic growth throw adolescent brains into overdrive – and they don’t finish developing until their 20s. This is pure biology, and it means adolescents gravitate towards certain behaviours: emotional roller-coastering, so-called “bad” risk-taking, lower empathy, susceptibility to peer pressure and weaker impulse control.
“Sometimes its immensely reassuring to know that there’s a biological reason behind some adolescent behaviour,” Morgan says. “If you’re in the thick of some challenging moments, keep that in mind.”
This development of the brain also means sleep patterns are affected. Put simply, teenagers aren’t ready for bed when you want them to be, and they might struggle to get up in the morning. It’s useless to get into arguments over bedtimes – things have changed since they were toddlers you could sleep-train. No amount of arguing and rule-setting can beat biology. Instead, help them to change their routine where possible to accommodate a new pattern of sleep – even if it’s only at weekends.
Dinosaurs
Photograph: Kellie French for the Guardian

3 Don’t write off gaming

“Video games are a big part of childhood and teenage life, so getting to grips with them can be a window to understanding and engaging with your teenager,” says journalist and gamer Andy Robertson, author of Taming Gaming. “Clearly, if they play too much, or on their own in a bedroom, it can have an isolating effect.” His advice is to bring them out from the shadows, and make gaming more of a family-friendly activity. This requires getting involved early: “Avoid just setting limits when they are young – find games you want them to play.” Research the Pan European Game Information (PEGI) rating so you know which games are appropriate. PEGI ratings work like film classifications – from 3, suitable for three years old and above, to adult-appropriate 18s. There are also symbols showing what sort of content to expect, from scary scenes to sex.
“Games can instil amazing character traits like perseverance, kindness, cooperation and strategic thinking,” he says. “And gaming health is about a balanced diet. With food, we don’t worry about plate time, it’s what’s on the plate that matters. Similarly, it’s what’s on the screen that’s important.” In other words, aimless YouTube surfing isn’t the same as time spent playing a well-planned strategic game together.
“Also, don’t assume they don’t want you involved. Show some interest early, and you might have a connection for life.”
If you’re just not interested in joining in, you can still set limits. Discuss with them how many hours a day they think it’s appropriate to play, what kind of games you are comfortable with. Make sure it’s a dialogue and that, although you are the ultimate arbiter, they still have some say.

4 Keep lines of communication open

“There’s no doubt that the way you communicate will change,” Major says. “If you experience this, the rowing, the shouting, the melodrama or the silent treatment can feel very personal, but try not to take it as such.” Always keep the channels of communication open. Take the time to learn their language and when they might want to talk.
For example, a face-to-face sit-down conversation across the table will be too confrontational. You should try to cultivate moments where “sideways” conversations happen, such as in the car or while walking or doing household chores together; this way, things can be much more relaxed and they will often open up or be more receptive.
Major is also at pains to remind parents to continue to include an adolescent in everything they might normally do as a family. “A grunt might actually mean, ‘Yes, please’, so keep them involved. Don’t feel hurt when they reject you; enjoy it when they don’t.”
Annalisa Barbieri, the Guardian’s advice columnist, urges parents to see their children as separate beings from the word go. “What I don’t understand are parents who want their children to acquiesce when they’re little, but magically know their own minds when they’re a teenager – that’s where the difficulty seems to be.”

5 Set social media standards

Accept that the widening of the online landscape is probably the biggest difference between your own adolescence and that of your child’s. But remember, just as in real life, your teenagers will need boundaries in their virtual worlds.
Keep tabs on what they get up to, Morgan says. Educate yourself, if necessary, but develop a mutual trust. “Only when we engage with the positives can we negotiate and encourage healthy behaviours.”
Give them some tech responsibility at home – sorting out a dodgy Skype connection or, if they have younger siblings, ask them for help talking about online safety. Show trust where you can.
To help them see that life’s not all online, let them choose an offline activity you can do together. It doesn’t matter what – climbing, cake decorating, whittling, kite-flying, surfing. It’ll give them a rush, a new skill – and some good social media pics.
Finally, don’t forget to look at your own habits and set a good example. “It’s difficult to lay down the law if you can’t stop looking at your phone,” Morgan says. “Model good behaviour to them.”

6 Take mental health seriously

Many common mental health problems, such as depression, have their onset in early adolescence.
Natasha Devon, a children’s mental health campaigner and the author of A Beginner’s Guide to Being Mental: An A-Z, often gets asked when “normal” teenage behaviour becomes a mental health issue. “It doesn’t matter. What if your partner said to you, ‘Is this really serious, or is this just the menopause?’ How would that make you feel? If someone genuinely shows interest in you and listens to you, then that improves your brain chemistry. Just listen to what they have to say.”
“There seems to be a horrible divide between the generations, based on the fact that adolescents today are growing up in a technologically advanced age. What happens is parents end up telling their teens they should be happy because they’ve got more materially than they ever had. But material things don’t make you happy.”
This rather toxic attitude towards teenagers is something that Barbieri sees too: “I think teenagers are scared of becoming teenagers because adults talk about it in a way that is so scary.”

7 Your role

“Don’t forget your own partnership,” Major says. “Nurture each other. If you’re on your own, find some support. Act with your partner and don’t undermine each other.”
Consider whether your reaction to your teenager’s behaviour is coloured by your own experiences. Major says: “Maybe you toed the line when you were an adolescent. If you have a youngster who isn’t doing that, be prepared to be jealous of their gutsy response – you might wish you’d done the same.”
Revisiting your youth is important for maintaining your empathy and humour levels, Devon says. “Keep checking in with your teenage self – what would that person make of your adult life now?”

The Relationship That Reduces Dementia Risk By 42%

The Relationship That Reduces Dementia Risk By 42% post image
Approaching 1 million people were included in the research.
Marriage can reduce the risk of developing dementia by 42%, new research finds.
The conclusions come from 15 studies published over many years involving over 800,000 people in three continents.
→ Subscribe to PsyBlog for $4 per month: get an ad-free experience and more articles.
The results showed that compared with married people, lifelong singletons were 42% more likely to develop dementia.
People who were widowed had a 20% increased chance of developing dementia.
Divorce, though, was not linked to an increased risk of dementia.
More recent studies included in the review suggest the benefit from being married is reducing, although it is not clear why.
The protective effect of marriage could be down to couples helping each other live healthier lives.
They may exercise more, eat a healthier diet and get more social stimulation.
The study’s authors conclude:
“Being married is associated with reduced risk of dementia than widowed and lifelong single people, who are also underdiagnosed in routine clinical practice.
Dementia prevention in unmarried people should focus on education and physical health and should consider the possible effect of social engagement as a modifiable risk factor.”

Sunday, July 1, 2018

Silent Film 16mm

"Dimensions in time are always an easy escape route from our own, present realities. We can replay different scenes in our mind again and again, methodically unplugging ourselves from those unwanted realities, one cord at a time, just as long as we don't have to face the truth about ourselves. For our young couple Daniel and Zoe which you are about to meet, it's quite understandable that all their travels, detours, and attempts to escape their own reality leads only in one direction...into the Twilight Zone."

"WHERE IS EVERYBODY?" We may have answered the Fermi Paradox: We are alone in the universe by Michael J Coren for Quartz "Are we so arrogant to believe life MUST be material?"










Alien life should be everywhere. The sheer abundance of stars in the universe (the number far outstrips the total number of grains of sand on every beach on Earth) suggests that, somewhere, an intelligent lifeform should be warming itself on a distant planet. Even if life evolves rarely, ET should be phoning.

Yet, by all appearances, humanity seems to be flying solo in our galaxy, and perhaps the universe. Many solutions have been proposed to solve this riddle, known as the Fermi Paradox. The aliens are hiding. They’ve entered suspended animation until more propitious conditions arise. A Great Filter makes the leap from “life “to “intelligent life” improbable, if not impossible. They’ve blown themselves up.

Researchers of Oxford University’s Future of Humanity Institute have another answer. It’s likely intelligent life doesn’t exist at all, outside of Earth.

In a paper submitted to the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (it appeared online this month on the pre-publication site arXiv), the researchers write that there is “a substantial ex ante probability of there being no other intelligent life in our observable universe,” and we shouldn’t be surprised if we fail to detect any signs of it. In other words, there is no need to speculate about the fate of aliens. It’s likely they’ve never existed, they assert in the paper, titled “Dissolving the Fermi Paradox.”

The Fermi Paradox derives from a question reportedly posed by physicist Enrico Fermi during a 1950 lunch in the Los Alamos National Laboratory in the state of New Mexico. According to Scientific American, a group of scientists were discussing a New Yorker cartoon showing aliens emerging a spaceship, onto the streets of New York City. “Where is everyone?” Fermi asked. While he was likely questioning the possibility of interstellar travel, later accounts suggested he was casting doubt on the existence of extraterrestrials themselves, the magazine reports.

Scientists have been trying to answer Fermi’s question ever since. Many of the most rigorous attempts have built on a postulation known as the Drake equation. There are plenty of unknowns, but the equation suggests it’s plausible thousands of detectable alien civilizations could be roaming the Milky Way based on the probability of seven factors. The equation:




N: total detectable alien civilizations in the Milky Way
R∗: rate of star formation per year
fp: fraction of stars with planets
ne: Earth-like (or otherwise habitable) planets per system with planets
fl: fraction of such planets with life
fi: fraction with life that develop intelligence
fc: fraction of intelligent civilizations that are detectable/contactable
L: average longevity of such detectable civilizations

Previous estimates of the Drake equation have assigned a single number to those variables. The recent study sought to make a more informed guess. It relies on our latest knowledge of biology, chemistry, and cosmology, and uses a distribution of probabilities (a range) to capture the most likely scenarios, rather than assign a single value.

When they did, the researchers found that the possibility we’re alone in the galaxy is far higher than presumed given the truly gargantuan number of possible home planets. The authors assert that the chance humanity stands alone among intelligent civilizations in our galaxy is 53%–99.6%, and across the observable universe is 39%–85%.

Since the Fermi “paradox” exists only if we are confident alien civilizations are out there, this uncertainty suggests we may just be the lucky ones—thus, there is no such paradox. “We should not actually be all that surprised to see an empty galaxy,” the authors write. But don’t give up entirely. The Drake equation, at best, merely gives us a way to formalize what is still unknowable. It’s a big universe.