Blog Archive

Monday, June 30, 2014

MakeUseOf via Zanifesto.com: 10 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About The Internet by Jackson Chung







10 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About The Internet
Jackson Chung On 28th June, 2014
ROFL



Ask anyone what they know about the Internet today. It’s where they go to watch stuff online? It’s used for stalk people on Facebook? It’s used to download porn?

Sure, but did you know that humans make up only 49 percent of the total Internet traffic? The remaining is made up by bots. Did you also know that the Internet speed on board the International Space Station is faster than the average speed in Australia? As a resident of Australia, that’s hugely disappointing.



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Vimeo: (Nine) 9 Minutes


Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 Satellite at Launch Pad | NASA

Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 Satellite at Launch Pad | NASA

Janitor James Tiberius Kirk to Lauren Davis Just now: In 1979 CE I played an Original Series computer simulation of the Kobayashi Maru at the University and my solution was maximum warp and leaving the Galaxy. Then, we lost Warp Drive and plotted a course to the nearest Starbase at the time, proceeding on Impulse Drive. It was estimated the voyage back would take 300 years. Just 265 years remaining now. I'm Texting this over a Sub Space Channel. Please send help.


Saturday, June 28, 2014

Love

"Just because the message may never be received does not mean it is not worth sending." - Segaki -
A Translation by David Stackton quoted from 
"Love" by Leo Buscaglia ISBN 0-449-20846-X

The Little Prince and The Drunkard

NYTimesAlternativeTo12SFThe next planet was inhabited by a drunkard. This visit was a very brief one, but it plunged the little prince into a deep depression.
"What are you doing there?" 
he asked the drunkard, whom he found sunk in silence before a collection of empty bottles and a collection of full ones.
"Drinking,"
replied the drunkard, with a gloomy expression.
"Why are you drinking?"
the little prince asked.
"To forget,"
replied the drunkard.
"To forget what?"
inquired the little prince, who was already feeling sorry for him.
"To forget that I'm ashamed,"
confessed the drunkard, hanging his head.
"What are you ashamed of?"
inquired the little prince, who wanted to help.
"Of drinking!"
concluded the drunkard, withdrawing into silence for good. And the little prince went on his way, puzzled.
"Grown-ups are certainly very very strange,"
he said to himself as he continued on his journey.

Tuesday, June 24, 2014

Natalie Cole e Nat King Cole - Unforgettable (Inesquecível) Ano da Músic...

PHI Elder Care

Eldercare for Jehovah's Witnesses Celebrated in England
June 18, 2014

Representatives from 11 countries came together in Knutsford, England, for the Jah-Jireh International Seminar on May 7 and 8 to share their successes, challenges, hopes, and insights regarding the care of elderly Jehovah's Witnesses in their respective countries. This was the largest group ever to attend this international seminar and everyone was very excited to meet each other and discuss their projects. 


Touring England's Jehovah's Witness Homes

I was pleased to be part of the U.S. delegation, which included nine attendees. We arrived a day or two early to tour two of the Jehovah's Witness care homes in England that have been running for many years. The residents living there expressed their happiness at being able to live among those who share their faith. The staff said that the work is hard, but the joy they find in caring for those who have been so faithful over so many years is a great reward. The pride they took in their work was well earned, and they showed tremendous love in every interaction we witnessed.

Some of the Trustees in England told stories about how they got started many years ago -- and how little they understood initially about the world of long-term care. They soon learned that the governmental regulations were an integral part of the adventure. When government officials arrived to see whether the homes were meeting the necessary requirements, they found that important information, such as temperature logs for the refrigerators or maintenance records, were not being tracked, and there was also very little documentation related to resident care.

Then the officials went to observe and speak to the home's elderly residents and staff. To their surprise, there was not a single complaint. All the residents reported being well cared for and loved by the staff. Upon returning to discuss the observations with the operators, they said that what they experienced was a wonderfully run home with very happy and contented residents and staff -- which was the purpose of all the regulations produced by the government! In spite of the fact that they hadn’t known the regulations they needed to comply with, they complied with the spirit of the regulations by following their faith. The officials have since then recommended that managers from other care homes in England visit the Jah-Jireh care homes as examples of how to properly and lovingly care for elders. (There are currently four care homes in England -- one of which is a skilled nursing facility -- with plans to build another care home southeast of London in the near future.)
 

Seminar Provides Opportunities for Sharing Information

On the first day of the seminar, representatives from Poland (which currently has two homes), Netherlands (two homes), South Korea (one nine-story home), the Czech Republic (one home), and Canada (three homes), provided an overview of the work that has been done to build and operate their respective homes. Those attending from Ireland, Denmark, and the U.S. discussed the property on which they plan to build homes and the support they have received from their local congregations. German and Swedish representatives had just begun the process of learning all they could so they could determine what might be possible in their countries.

Jah-Jireh Homes of America breaks ground in Allentown, PAIn the next morning's program, home managers and supervisors from England provided information about media opportunities that they are exploring as well as how to ensure enjoyable "family" worship for those living there. In the afternoon, we enjoyed a symposium that asked the question, "What spiritual qualities and principles do we constantly need to develop in caring for the elderly?" The answer? Love, patience, warmth, humility, and maintaining cheerfulness.

During the evening on both days, there was exciting and meaningful conversation over dinner. Attendees spent time discussing the legal challenges that many had experienced when trying to get the myriad approvals necessary to buy the land for the homes and then to prepare build. Many experiences were shared that inspired everyone to persevere moving forward. Passages from scripture offered reminders of our obligation to the elders among us (Psalms 71:9: "Do not cast me off in my old age; do not abandon me when my strength fails") and the spiritual goals that we strive for in these homes (Psalms 92:14: "Even in old age they will still be thriving, they will remain vigorous and fresh").
 

Jah-Jireh Homes of America Scheduled to Open in Pennsylvania

Those who have homes in their countries are looking for ways to build more, and those who don't are excited at the prospects of getting started. In the U.S., Jah-Jireh Homes of America reported that after the long process of design planning, as well as obtaining approvals from the state and township, they broke ground in March for the homes being built in Allentown, Pennsylvania. The group was excited to share that a camera will be installed so that all can witness the progress of the construction through the Jah-jireh website. The three houses are scheduled to be open by the end of the year.

-- by Kathy McCollett, PHI Organizational Change Consultant

Monday, June 16, 2014

www.WeeklyHubris.com - Sanford Rose: My Last (Well, Not Quite Last) Column on World War I



3

My Last (Well, Perhaps Not Quite Last) Column on World War I




Sanford Rose banner
. . . Britain agreed, at least initially, to look the other way if Austria-Hungary temporarily occupied Belgrade . . . .”—By Sanford Rose
Dolors & Sense
By Sanford Rose
Tisza: An unwelcome moderation.
Tisza: An unwelcome moderation.
Sanford Rose
KISSIMMEE Florida—(Weekly Hubris)—5/22/2014—Since the centennial of World War I approaches (July-August, 1914), I thought I’d do a summary of the viewpoints and culpability of the principal parties.
David Lloyd George, who became Britain’s prime minister two years into the war, argued that the major countries “slithered” into the conflict, and there is evidence to support that viewpoint.
Germany did not want a war–certainly not a major one. It wanted to punish Serbia, to be sure. But what the kaiser envisioned was a limited “police action.” Interestingly, Britain agreed, at least initially, to look the other way if Austria-Hungary temporarily occupied Belgrade as a surety for its demands that Serbia punish the assassins of the Austrian archduke and also curb anti-Austrian propaganda.
Austria-Hungary was a moribund state that presided over ten nationalities. Austria’s major problem was Hungary, its co-equal (and often more than co-equal) partner in the so-called Dual Monarchy. The Hungarian magnates oppressed their minorities (mostly Croats and Rumanians) with a singular disregard for their inevitable disaffection. Had it not been for this attitude, the Dual Monarchy might have proved marginally viable.
Still, Hungary had no desire to go to war over the assassination of an Austrian archduke who hated Hungarians. Its leader, Istvan Tisza, tried to slow the march toward war.
Ironically, this moderation made matters much worse. Had Austria-Hungary acted with celerity to occupy Belgrade in support of punitive demands that were both limited and well-publicized, as the German kaiser wanted, the world would have been presented with a fait accompli, acceptable, as noted, to the British, before Russia had a chance to announce its mobilization.
Russia ostensibly elected to mobilize in support of Serbia. But that was just a charade. Russia hoped that war would allow her to seize the Turkish Straits and thus protect her agricultural exports. When Turkey closed the Straits a few years earlier for just a couple of weeks, during the Italo-Turkish War, Russia’s exports were sufficiently disrupted to jeopardize the funding of vitally needed industrial imports.
France, in the person of its president, Raymond Poincaré, goaded Russia into action. Poincaré was a most remarkable man, perhaps the ablest European politician since Bismarck. But he was also a committed revanchist, eager to harness his country’s “national awakening” to his life’s goal of retaking the provinces of Alsace and his native Lorraine, which had been detached by Germany after the Franco-Prussian War in 1871.
Once Russia began mobilizing, global war was inevitable. The announcement of Russian mobilization triggered German mobilization, and German mobilization triggered the infamous Schlieffen Plan. This required Germany to defeat France before taking the field against Russia, which allegedly could not complete its mobilization, even with a head start, before either France or Germany.
Well, I thought this would be the last column, but there’s much more to be said.
When I was writing articles on banking some twenty years ago, I overheard one banker ask another whether he had read Rose’s last article. The reply shot back: “I hope so.”
I trust that readers of this series do not share these sentiments.


About Sanford Rose

Sanford Rose, of New Jersey and Florida, served as Associate Editor of Fortune Magazine from 1968 till 1972; Vice President of Chase Manhattan Bank in 1972; Senior Editor of Fortune between 1972 and 1979; and Associate Editor, Financial Editor and Senior Columnist of American Banker newspaper between 1979 and 1991. From 1991 till 2001, Rose worked as a consultant in the banking industry and a professional ghost writer in the field of finance. He has also taught as an adjunct professor of banking at Columbia University and an adjunct instructor of economics at New York University. He states that he left gainful employment in 2001 to concentrate on gain-less investing. (A lifelong photo-phobe, Rose also claims that the head shot accompanying his Weekly Hubris columns is not his own, but belongs, instead, to a skilled woodworker residing in South Carolina.)
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One Response to My Last (Well, Perhaps Not Quite Last) Column on World War I


Danny M Reed says:

Don’t stop now!!!

www.The WeeklyHubris.com - Sanford Rose: Teuton vs Slav



3

Teuton vs. Slav




Sanford Rose banner
In acting against Serbia . . . Austria-Hungary and its ally, Germany, felt they were defending their Teutonic empires against . . . malevolent Slavs.”—By Sanford Rose
Dolors & Sense
By Sanford Rose
Franz Ferdinand: a thirty-year war over him?
Franz Ferdinand: a 30-year war over him?
Sanford Rose
KISSIMMEE Florida—(Weekly Hubris)—6/9/2014—The anniversary of the most important event of the last hundred years draws near.
On June 28, 1914, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Franz Ferdinand, and his wife, Sophie, were gunned down in Sarajevo, Bosnia, by a Serb.
Five weeks later, Europe was at war, a conflict that lasted, with a 20-year interruption, until 1945.
Why did the murder of these two people produce such an apocalyptic result?
After all, heads of state and kings were being routinely dispatched in the early years of the last century. The fallen included, among others, an American president, McKinley, and the kings of Italy, Portugal, and Serbia itself.
What made this particular assassination so portentous?
The answer is that it dramatized the most basic national and racial cleavage in European society of the day—and indeed of at least the first half of the century.
That cleavage is encapsulated in the dominant reaction to the murders in Austria-Hungary and to a lesser extent in Germany:
“Here was a Teuton assassinated on Teutonic soil by a Slav.”
The perception is, of course, slightly erroneous. Bosnia was not Teutonic (Austrian) soil. It had been Turkish soil from 1463 to 1908, although its people were Slavs.
But the Congress of Berlin had assigned its administration to Austria-Hungary in 1878, and the Austrians had become so used to considering Bosnia theirs that they formally annexed it 30 years later.
So in their minds, the heir to “their” throne was killed on “their” soil by a member of one of “their” subject nationalities.
This was not to be tolerated.
Independent Serbia had already aggrandized itself in the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913. It posed a growing threat to Austria-Hungary, a country of 24 million Slavs ruled by a slightly smaller number of Germans and Hungarians.
If the Southern Slavs posed a real threat to Austria-Hungary, Russia, the patron of all Slavs, posed a perceived threat to Germany, Austria’s ally.
Germany’s chancellor, Bethmann Hollweg, greatly overestimated Russia’s military and industrial muscle, and his forebodings filled the ear of the German sovereign, Kaiser Wilhelm, who was mindful of the fact that Serbian terrorists reportedly had earmarked him for the same fate as had befallen Franz Ferdinand.
In acting resolutely against Serbia about a month after the assassination, Austria-Hungary and Germany felt they were defending their Teutonic empires against an imminent danger from malevolent Slavs.
Ironically, their action led directly to the dissolution of the empires they vainly sought to preserve.

About Sanford Rose

Sanford Rose, of New Jersey and Florida, served as Associate Editor of Fortune Magazine from 1968 till 1972; Vice President of Chase Manhattan Bank in 1972; Senior Editor of Fortune between 1972 and 1979; and Associate Editor, Financial Editor and Senior Columnist of American Banker newspaper between 1979 and 1991. From 1991 till 2001, Rose worked as a consultant in the banking industry and a professional ghost writer in the field of finance. He has also taught as an adjunct professor of banking at Columbia University and an adjunct instructor of economics at New York University. He states that he left gainful employment in 2001 to concentrate on gain-less investing. (A lifelong photo-phobe, Rose also claims that the head shot accompanying his Weekly Hubris columns is not his own, but belongs, instead, to a skilled woodworker residing in South Carolina.)
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2 Responses to Teuton vs. Slav


  1. Danny M Reed says:
    Hard to believe that former world prior to 1914 was governed by three houses:
    Romanov, Hapsburg, and Hohenzollern. I look at Renoir and other Impressionist’s paintings as snapshots and portraits of a world where the potential for peace and security was more real than ever. The Great War was supposed to be so globally horrific that surely it would end War altogether. All the people of that day are dead. I truly appreciate your 100 Year Anniversary Series. May I Reblog your work, sir?


  2. S. Rose says:

    Of course you can reblog.
    Best
    S. Rose

Spurting Plasma | NASA

Spurting Plasma | NASA

2001: A Space Odyssey -- A Look Behind the Future

Friday, June 13, 2014

NY Times: QUOTATION OF THE DAY

QUOTATION OF THE DAY

"We have to have a home, have to have a car that's not going to fall apart in the middle of the desert, but within reason we have to live simply."


BISHOP GERALD F. KICANAS of Tucson, on church leaders' efforts to follow the example of Pope Francis.

Hubble Eyes Golden Rings of Star Formation | NASA

Hubble Eyes Golden Rings of Star Formation | NASA

When This "Life" Becomes Unliveable

DelanceyPlace.com: How Babies Think by Alison Gopnick

delanceyplace header

Today's encore selection -- from "How Babies Think" by Alison Gopnick. The prefrontal cortex, which is the part of the brain associated with emotional maturity, does not fully develop in humans until they are in their mid-twenties. This may be because the prefrontal cortex, though it brings emotional balance, focus, planning and efficient action, restricts a person from the most creative aspects of learning:

"From an evolutionary perspective, one of the most striking things about human beings is our long period of immaturity. We have a much longer childhood than any other species. Why make babies so helpless for so long and thus require adults to put so much work and care into keeping their babies alive?

"Across the animal kingdom, the intelligence and flexibility of adults are correlated with the immaturity of babies. 'Precocial' species such as chickens rely on highly specific innate capacities adapted to one particular environmental niche, and so they mature quickly. 'Altricial' species (those whose offspring need [long] care and feeding by parents) rely on learning instead. Crows, for instance, can take a new object, such as a piece of wire, and work out how to turn it into a tool, but young crows depend on their parents for much longer than chickens.

"A learning strategy has many advantages, but until learning takes place, you are helpless. Evolution solves this problem with a division of labor between babies and adults. Babies get a protected time to learn about their environment, without having to actually do anything. When they grow up, they can use what they have learned to be better at surviving and reproducing -- and taking care of the next generation. Fundamentally, babies are designed to learn.


"Neuroscientists have started to understand some of the brain mechanisms that allow all this learning to occur. Baby brains are more flexible than adult brains. They have far more connections between neurons, none of them particularly efficient, but over time they prune out unused connections and strengthen useful ones. Baby brains also have a high level of the chemicals that make brains change connections easily.

"The brain region called the prefrontal cortex is distinctive to humans and takes an especially long time to mature. The adult capacities for focus, planning and efficient action that are governed by this brain area depend on the long learning that occurs in childhood. This area's wiring may not be complete until the mid-20s.

"The lack of prefrontal control in young children naturally seems like a huge handicap, but it may actually be tremendously helpful for learning. The prefrontal area inhibits irrelevant thoughts or actions. But being uninhibited may help babies and young children to explore freely. There is a trade-off between the ability to explore creatively and learn flexibly, like a child, and the ability to plan and act effectively, like an adult. The very qualities needed to act efficiently -- such as swift automatic processing and a highly pruned brain network -- may be intrinsically antithetical to the qualities."

Author: Alison Gopnick
Title: "How Babies Think"
Publisher: Scientific American
Date: July 2010
Pages: 81

 

If you use the above link to purchase a book, delanceyplace proceeds from your purchase will benefit a children's literacy project. All delanceyplace profits are donated to charity.

About Us
Delanceyplace is a brief daily email with an excerpt or quote we view as interesting or noteworthy, offered with commentary to provide context. There is no theme, except that most excerpts will come from a non-fiction work, mainly works of history, are occasionally controversial, and we hope will have a more universal relevance than simply the subject of the book from which they came.

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Tuesday, June 10, 2014

I Keep Reminding Myself That It Is Never Too Late To Shut Up

Silence is always appropriate. It is the refuge of the wise.

Orion Comes Together | NASA The Sky Is No Longer The Limit

Orion Comes Together | NASA

The Statue of Personal Responsibility - Galt's Gulch

The Statue of Personal Responsibility - Galt's Gulch


"Civilization is the progress toward a society of privacy. The savage's whole existence is public, ruled by the laws of his tribe. Civilization is the process of setting man free from men."
Read more at http://www.galtsgulchonline.com/posts/7c...

Observing the Statue of Liberty was the First Contact many people had coming to the United States through Immigration on Ellis Island. The observation was made that the West Coast should have a corresponding Statue of Personal Responsibility. Because Government Legislates, Judges, and Executes Law and Order primarily against law breakers and generally appreciates law abiding citizens, it follows that TRUE liberty and personal freedom results from people who behave themselves and are in no dire need of someone else to make them behave. Personal Responsibility of individuals, IF PERFECTED, would not require ANY Laws or even Government controls of any kind. It is the simplest idea in the world to understand. Controls are only multiplied out of necessity because certain people can't control themselves. If you cannot tend to your own needs then someone else must tend to them for you. And if that is the case, you simply must accept their style and manner of control and defer to it until you can do it yourself. Humans are interdependent, of course, so we need each other. That is a fact of life. A Community of less than 1,500 individuals can generally do without the problems that arise from urbanization because there is a stronger sense of knowing each other and being accountable to each other. It takes a Community like this to raise a child, so even with human nature being what it is now, if anyone encroaches upon the boundaries and rights of another through abuse, neglect, misappropriation or outright exploitation, the matter can be addressed effectively at a local level for both the Perpetrator(s) and the Victim(s).

Living in the middle of no where in Wisconsin my whole life, I understand this is over simplified and ideal, even for Rural small communities and families. In Wisconsin, one cannot rely on the Federal or the State functionaries that be on any level, so we have become accustomed to doing things on our own locally. In the end, that is all there really is. Let the Propaganda fly back and forth over our heads and land where it may, but ultimately it's just help your neighbor as you would yourselves. Then, misbehavior is quite clearly apparent and collectively taken care of. If you have a truly decent community of people to begin with, there is no further abuse, neglect or misappropriation committed in that process and things can remain quite open, even transparent

Read more at http://www.galtsgulchonline.com/posts/8af2501/the-statue-of-personal-responsibility#M2BcStriRqw1vvik.99

"Civilization is the progress toward a society of privacy. The savage's whole existence is public, ruled by the laws of his tribe. Civilization is the process of setting man free from men."

"Civilization is the progress toward a society of privacy. The savage's whole existence is public, ruled by the laws of his tribe. Civilization is the process of setting man free from men."

Shame




NY Times: QUOTATION OF THE DAY

QUOTATION OF THE DAY

"It's impossible to understand what it is to move when you have nothing. To risk everything - losing your bed, your sense of community - for an uncertain benefit? There's no way you want to risk that."


JENNIFER LAURENT, director of a homeless shelter in Texarkana, Tex., on why few move to adjacent Arkansas where health insurance is more accessible.

Sunday, June 8, 2014

Earth: The Only Planet Of The Solar System NOT Named After A God

After Charles Darwin's "Origin of the Species" and the world not ending, again, for the Millerites in 1844, a Mr. Broca, whom was to have a significant area of the human brain named after him, began as the American Civil War did about 1861, to assert that all humans had a unique place on the side of the Frontal Lobe apparently designed to fully handle what no other creature could even come close to doing: Articulating Speech. It was confirmed as predicted that any adverse effect upon this Area will adversely effect the ability of the victim to process intelligent Speech. Again, it is uniquely Human.

About 100 years later, an MIT Linguist Noam Chomsky noted Broca's Area was common to all humans and, indeed, appeared fully formed with patterns of grammatical function universally. Any race of child born anywhere potentially can learn and master any language or dialect anywhere else.

This idea did not settle well with the evolving ape man crowd anymore than Chomsky's other ideas. Colorless Green Ideas Sleep Furiously, so, the arrogance of suggesting homo sapiens appeared suddenly, fully formed, rather than evolve languages from grunts and barks, made him one of Them.

Black Sabbath singer Ozzy Osbourne talks to Graham 'Gruhamed' Hartmann about the meaning behind 'God is Dead?' -- Subtitles below: "I was in a doctor's waiting room and [I saw] a magazine which said, 'God is Dead' and I thought, 'F---ing hell, they flew planes into the World Trade Center and they're always blowing themselves up in market places, killing innocent people in the name of their god.' If you listen to the twist at the end of the song, it says, 'I don't believe that God is dead.' Geezer said he wrote them about someone who is in search for the fact if God is still there or he's not, you know?" Category Music License Standard YouTube License

Collective Soul - The World I Know (Video)

There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, Than are dreamt of in your philosophy. - Hamlet (1.5.167-8), Hamlet to Horatio

The philosophy God is dead, a negative impossible to prove, violates the second law of thermodynamics that no closed system can attain, maintain or increase in order without being acted upon by an OUTSIDE FORCE. Aside from current human chaos, the Universe attains, maintains and even increases in Law and Order exponentially at an accelerating pace on it's own power as a whole force of nature. Enamored by our own egocentric entropy localized to the Solar System, thank God, the damage flawed humans do is naturally contained regardless of what they say and do. So from now on it's MISTER Outside Force to you.

Saturday, June 7, 2014

Slate: "Earth" Without "Art" Is Just "Eh"


The Schwa Is the Laziest Sound in All of Human Speech





A version of this post appeared on The Week:


pennyfromhappyendingsisabigfanoftheschwa
Penny from Happy Endings is a big fan of the schwa.
(Facebook.com/HappyEndings)


We all know that English spelling is rarely a good guide to pronunciation. One big reason for this is the prevalence of schwa in the spoken language. That's why dictionaries and other written guides to pronunciation make use of a special symbol to represent the schwa sound. It looks like this: ǝ—an upside down e. But what is schwa anyway? Here are nine things to help you get to know this very important vowel.


1. ANY WRITTEN VOWEL CAN BE A SPOKEN SCHWA
A schwa is the 'uh' sound found in an unstressed syllable. For example, the first syllable in amazing (ǝ-MA-zing), the first syllable in tenacious (tǝ-NA-cious), the second syllable in replicate (RE-plǝ-cate), the second syllable in percolate (PER-cǝ-late), the first syllable in supply (sǝ –PLY), the first syllable in syringe (sǝ-RINGE). That's a written A, E, I, O, U and even a Y coming out as schwa in the spoken version.


2. IT'S THE MOST COMMON VOWEL SOUND IN ENGLISH
And this can make things very hard for English learners, because we don't represent it in regular writing. You have to use clues about stress and syllable structure to figure out where to put it.


3. THE WORD "SCHWA" COMES FROM HEBREW
In Hebrew writing, "shva" is a vowel diacritic that can be written under letters to indicate an 'eh' sound (which is not the same as our schwa). The term was first used in linguistics by 19th century Germany philologists, which is why we use the German spelling, "schwa."


4. THE Ǝ SYMBOL WAS INVENTED TO SHOW HOW PEOPLE REALLY TALKED
The upside down e was first used as a symbol for the schwa sound by Johann Schmeller in his 1821 grammar of Bavarian German. Because he was describing the specific properties of a particular dialect, he needed a way to represent actual pronunciation.


5. BEFORE PEOPLE STARTED CALLING IT "SCHWA" IN ENGLISH (AROUND 1895) IT HAD A LOT OF NICKNAMES
It's been called the murmur vowel, the indeterminate vowel, the neutral vowel, the obscure vowel, and the natural vowel.


6. ENGLISH HAS A TENDENCY TO DELETE A SYLLABLE WITH A SCHWA
What happened to the third syllable in the following words? Caramel (car-mel), separate (sep-rate), different (dif-rent), chocolate (choc-late), camera (cam-ra). They fell victim to a terrible disease called schwa syncope (or schwa deletion). Actually, it's not so terrible, and it happens in lots of languages. A schwa syllable following the syllable that bears the main stress says, "well I'm not really needed here anyway" and skips town.


7. BUT ENGLISH SOMETIMES HAS A TENDENCY TO STICK IN EXTRA SCHWA SYLLABLES
In some dialects a schwa shows up to help bust up difficult consonant clusters. This process, called schwa epenthesis, can turn realtor into real-ǝ-tor, athlete into ath-ǝ-lete, nuclear into nuc-yǝ-ler, and film into fi-lǝm. It can also come in handy in drawing out words for dramatic effect, as in "cǝ-raaaaaa-zy!"


8. SCHWA IS SO PREVALENT BECAUSE ENGLISH IS A STRESS-TIMED LANGUAGE
Some languages are syllable-timed, like Spanish, where each syllable is roughly the same length, giving the impression of a steady "machine-gun" rhythm. English is a stress-timed language, meaning that the rhythmic impression is based on the regular timing of stress peaks, not syllables. If you want to speed up in Spanish, you shorten the length of all the syllables. If you want to speed up in English, you close the distance between stressed syllables. How? By greatly reducing the unstressed syllables. What vowel do unstressed syllables tend to get? Schwa. Here's a good explanation of stress-timing with examples.


9. IT'S THE LAZIEST SOUND THERE IS
Which is not a value judgment! I love schwa! But of all the sounds we use, it demands the least of us. All you have to do to make a schwa is start up the vocal cords. Other sounds require you to raise or lower the tongue, or move it forward or backward. They ask you to move your lips, or open your jaw. The schwa just is. Serene and undemanding. The vibration of air through the body to the outside world. The essence of speech itself.

Arika Okrent holds a Ph.D. in linguistics and a first-level certification in Klingon. She is the author of In the Land of Invented Languages.

New York Times: The Last To Know

Often the last to know when I was the subject of derogatory speech, I would react at times proactively pretending to be in on everyone's ongoing joke and going with the apparent flow to show good form. Usually, the paranoia was unwarranted and I learned how to pay attention to non-verbal queues more. I guessed at what Cool was. My first real teacher was a high school Janitor called Frosty. Experience trumps Education Degrees 80% of the time. For the remaining 20% I acquiesce they are equal.

"Caught Inside" Lyrics: reach inside your mind cause we don't ask for much dream it's a beautiful sleep and we don't ask for much at all it's heavy on my heart when you gonna start it's another world caught in between all the lies you run you're spun around why did you wait so long when were you planning on saying fear that i might be lost that you were after it all along who says you need a plan at all you had it all we had it all caught inside getting real coincide with the fear step outside before the dawn before you're gone somebody's road to roam is another man's home a trip you hold you hold too close too close for comfort why did you wait so long when were you planning on saying fear that i might be lost that you were after it all along who said you need a plan at all you had it all we had it all caught inside getting real coincide with the fear step outside before the dawn before you're gone why make it all bigger why make it up why make it all bigger why make it up caught inside getting real coincide with the fear step inside before the dawn before you're gone caught inside getting real coincide with the fear step inside before the dawn before you're gone

"What I've Done" Lyrics: In this farewell There's no blood There's no alibi 'Cause I've drawn regret From the truth Of a thousand lies [Pre-Chorus:] So let mercy come And wash away What I've done [Chorus:] I'll face myself To cross out what i've become Erase myself And let go of what i've done Put to rest What you thought of me While I clean this slate With the hands of uncertainty [Pre-Chorus] [Chorus] For what I've done I start again And whatever pain may come Today this ends I'm forgiving what I've done!!! [Chorus] What I've done Forgiving what I've done

Care Givers, Care Takers, and The Careless


Thursday, June 5, 2014

"The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The second best time is now." ~Chinese Proverb

Everyone can agree we have limited time and opportunity regardless of our circumstances to say and do things because every person whom has ever lived has died without even one single exception. And no matter what your beliefs are about your personal chances for another future existence after this one it is definitely not up to you. Still, the power of personal choice has been preserved for each individual to some degree, even if it is a decision not to choose at all; to leave that power to others.

Kepler and Beyond

When Aristotle, The First Teacher according to Arabic Muslims, left Plato's side he was considered the first Scientist in developing the Golden Mean and adding a fifth "element," Aether roughly corresponding to the idea of Dark Matter today. He considered his work both Scientific and Theological rather than simply Philosophical in nature. Aristotle was the teacher of Alexander the Great until about 323 BCE, and aside from the apocryphal public humiliation with Alexander's girlfriend Phyllis, the relationship was mutually beneficial and edifying. Perhaps Alexander's severance of the Gordian Knot and his appreciation of his prophetic place in the Book of Daniel in the Hebrew Scriptures as he rode triumphantly into Jerusalem was influenced by his Greek tutor.

Men have always attributed the discovery in nature of such constructs as the Golden Mean to be the Laws, Principles, and Designs of a legislating Designer, Builder, and Preserving Deity or deities that exist incorporeal outside and within an "Aether" both scientifically and spiritually different from Us. These attributions have been both beneficial and malevolent forces, depending upon whom you talk to at any place or time. Any and all reasonable people throughout history have individually formulated a thousand Why Questions leading off in virtually every direction that have been passed on to Us today to reconsider in the light of new knowledge. And in just the past quarter century, we have peered out into Hubble's Deep Field, into the Human Genome, and the Boson "God Particle."

Still, the common man's reasonableness is often lost with his progeny of the 21st Century just as the knowledge of the previous 40 Centuries Before our Common Era in this Holocene Epoch is lost. To witness the closure of Book Stores everywhere, virtually giving books away and burning the rest, is as disturbing as the burning of books were in other times and places. Fire is the vulnerability of the printed page and an electrical magnetic pulse is the demise of the electronic media catalogs here. So we have devised indexing and remote redundant data storage in the event of a localized hack attack. Those delegated to store every keystroke are constructing vast facilities dedicated to doing just that.

The collection of inspired books or Scripture and such Apocryphal accounts as the Maccabees do provide at times the exclusive proprietor's account of specific times, places, events, and personages that may or may not be in evidence anywhere else. These should be valued and studied by everyone.

When President Obama proposed the mapping of the human brain, it quietly became the Final Frontier of exploration far beyond John Kennedy's Space Program. Although in no way have We completed the surveillance of the depths of the Oceans, the height of the Heavens, and the length or breadth of Life, the Universe, and the cellular and molecular levels or invisible forces among the Aether, the task before the creators of the DSM 5, who have only recently abandoned Lobotomies and mass incarcerations and other neuropsychopharmacological treatments for the perceived anomalies and unpleasantries of the human brain, is to take the first step on a journey of 1000 miles. 

Like the excruciating tragedy of Apollo One, the "psychonauts" of inner space seek to distance themselves from the past, like Apollo Seven, and carefully review the "successful failures" along the way, like Apollo 13, or the subsequent Space Shuttle tragedies that followed. Exploration always has unsung heroes and casualties in this Human Experiment, particularly among the last several thousand years. If we are merely the "evolved animal" and most dangerous predator in all the Universe, alone without precedent and presiding over all our own affairs, the only "successful failure" is the individual mind that comes to the realization that the Constellations asserted by the clerical, corporate, political, military, and all other rulers of the world throughout history have blinded Us to what is clearly hidden in plain sight: We are neither animals nor masters of the Universe; but Human.

Tuesday, June 3, 2014

Chandra Captures Galaxy Sparkling in X-rays | NASA

Chandra Captures Galaxy Sparkling in X-rays | NASA

NY Times: On This Day

ON THIS DAY

On June 3, 1965, astronaut Edward White became the first American to "walk'' in space, during the flight of Gemini 4.

See this Front Page | Buy this Front Page

Monday, June 2, 2014

Good, Bad, and Ugly

The Local consortium or franchise of radio media follows the lead of all other Corporate Media in the world and plays ten minutes of programming to get people to hear ten minutes of Advertising paid for by Business. Living out in the middle of no where in WisCONsin means these monopolies offer two choices: On or Off. If there happens to be competition in the satellite, cable, radio, and printed page it is usually a choice between paper or plastic, Pepsi or Coke, Republican or Democrat; a non-choice. New Boss same as the Old Boss. Yes, there are some traces of stray originality in Public Mediums much like school lunches served in Public Schools were occasionally of good taste or texture.

Specifically, I am referring to Local Radio broadcasting that provide the clearest FM and Digital signals to tune the clock radio alarm to. For instance, at 0500 or 0600 AM or so this morning the predictable format that aroused me from bed included the song, "Taking Care of Business" by the Bachman-Turner Overdrive. There are certain songs and artists from the era of my childhood school days onward that are so exquisitely irritating that they are like having a bladder about to burst or having someone scratching their fingernails across a black chalk board. The aggravation is so intense that I MUST seek relief by getting out of bed and ending the barrage of my senses each morning.

I repeatedly attempted to make sense of such aural amber as "Blinded By the Light" by Manfred Mann's Earth Band. If I could not beat them, as they say, join them. Now I realize much effort, time, and resources went into the production and distribution of these works of art, however ubiquitous, and they would not play them 40 years later unless they made money and someone was listening. Still, I worked at both Commercial and Public Radio Locally in the 1980's as a "DJ" just prior to the Digital Age and I discovered the truly good music was packed away in boxes while the formula, even then, called for the SAME EXACT SONGS being played today. It's like Ground Hog's Day each day.

Personally, I hated the music then when it was relatively new, with a few precious exceptions. It was a real treat to have my own alternative music show on Public Radio even though the programming was dominated by "dead air" during long Classical pieces during the day that erupted into orchestra and arias in foreign languages. Unfortunately, we had to beg for money on the air every six months and generate hours of repetitive and unscripted dialogues, monologues, and soliloquies live using every trick in the book to separate relatively wealthy, educated, and loyal listeners from their money. Finally, I had, like Ron Burgundy, taken too many liberties to stretch the envelope of Broadcasting.

Sesame Street - Lefty sells "air" to Ernie - Riiiiiiiiight...

Lamentations Three