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Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Aftermath at Whakatane, New Zealand Eruption

18 U.S. Code § 1001. Statements or entries generally

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(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, whoever, in any matter within the jurisdiction of the executive, legislative, or judicial branch of the Government of the United States, knowingly and willfully—
falsifies, conceals, or covers up by any trick, scheme, or device a material fact;
makes any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation; or
makes or uses any false writing or document knowing the same to contain any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry;
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years or, if the offense involves international or domestic terrorism (as defined in section 2331), imprisoned not more than 8 years, or both. If the matter relates to an offense under chapter 109A, 109B, 110, or 117, or section 1591, then the term of imprisonment imposed under this section shall be not more than 8 years.
Subsection (a) does not apply to a party to a judicial proceeding, or that party’s counsel, for statements, representations, writings or documents submitted by such party or counsel to a judge or magistrate in that proceeding.
(c) With respect to any matter within the jurisdiction of the legislative branch, subsection (a) shall apply only to—
administrative matters, including a claim for payment, a matter related to the procurement of property or services, personnel or employment practices, or support services, or a document required by law, rule, or regulation to be submitted to the Congress or any office or officer within the legislative branch; or
any investigation or review, conducted pursuant to the authority of any committee, subcommittee, commission or office of the Congress, consistent with applicable rules of the House or Senate.

The crocodile hunter - Steve and the dragon

Is This Cheating? “Little Known” Biohacks That Will Make You Superhuman

"It Will Make You Superhuman" Special Thanks to Mindvalley for this amazing speech! ► If you struggle and have a hard time, consider taking an online therapy session with our partner BetterHelp. ►Self-Hypnosis Programs: ►MOTIVATIONAL CLOTHES : ►Motivational Alarm Tones

"It Will Be The End Of Energy Companies" | The FORBIDDEN Technology of N...

►Special thanks to DR. STEVEN GREER Support his mission below: Yt - IG - FB - Twitter - ►We highly recommend to watch his Netflix Documentary "UNACKNOWLEDGED" Music licensed through Audiojungle. Footage licensed through Videoblocks and Videohive. ►Copyright disclaimer: We own commercial licenses for all the content used in this video.

Top 100 Fails of the Year Part 1 (2019) | FailArmy


SOMETHING MAJOR IS COMING IN 2020! - "It Will Be Used By Millions"

Monday, December 9, 2019

Tikkun olam (Hebrew: תיקון עולם ‎, lit. 'repair of the world') is a concept in Judaism, interpreted in Orthodox Judaism as the prospect of overcoming all forms of idolatry, and by other Jewish denominations as an aspiration to behave and act constructively and beneficially. Documented use of the term dates back to the Mishnaic period.

The 'repair of the world' has two levels: 1.) The world of mankind as it is today, and, 2.) The world or planet upon which we live. The first level of human society as we see it today cannot be repaired. It must be replaced because of its terminal corruption. No element of this world of people is repairable. Second, since the corruption of human society means they cannot and will not repair the planet Earth it will require superhuman means both to remove corrupt humans from power AND repair the planet. Finally, the existence and intervention of world affairs by superhuman means does not require the belief in superhuman beings or even a Supreme Being to be accomplished successfully. It will occur very soon in fact...

An 'aspiration to behave and act constructively and beneficially' is a tertiary meaning as regards conduct and actions in this existence we call life that we would aspire to. Good intentions one might say. In a world dominated by corruption, violence and immorality, or lack of a moral compass, such persons will need to be rescued by God as the 'aspirations to behave and act constructively and beneficially' will only be corrupted or exploited to further the dominant spirit of the world such as it is now. In either case Armageddon is a rescue. It is NOT 'the end of the world' but the beginning of a new world.

"Wait, Who Runs the World?" by Truthstream on

Trailer for "The Myth of Extinction" by Truthstream on

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This Place ( Is Broken

Thursday, December 5, 2019

How Mark Ruffalo Became Robert Bilott for ‘Dark Waters’ | Rotten Tomatoes

'Dark Waters' Is a Real-Life Horror Story, And You're Part of It

#MenAreHuman | HBR Talk 111 Opener

You Will Wish You Watched This! It's Actually Happening..

Lance's Dark Mood Party Mix Vol 192(Trip Hop / Downtempo / Electronica /...

1. Neroche - The Crooked Man 2. Dr. Quandary - Governing Dynamics – 4:01 3. Ogi feel the Beat - RED colours – 6:40 4. Cinephile - What Becomes Of Us – 16:18 5. plastikon - the circle – 20:13 6. The Egg - Venice Beach – 23:48 7. Nicolas Jaar - Too Many Kids Finding Rain In The Dust(Matt Gill Edit) – 31:31 8. Royal Air Moon - La prochaine vague – 36:36 9. sloth - two faces – 41:10 10. Kill Emil - Have you heard? – 45:13 11. Shome – Suddenly – 47:10 12. Valentino Troglia - Stranger Things – 55:14 13. Tmina – Ascend – 1:03:26 Thank you for listening. If you enjoyed this mix, you can check out my previous mix (Vol.191) here: If you want to “tip the DJ” you can go here to support the channel…

The Rat Apocalypse in New Zealand by The Atlantic

New Zealand has a rat problem. The non-native rodent is partially responsible for driving a quarter of the nation’s birds to extinction. To save the native species, New Zealand has launched an ambitious plan to eradicate every single rat on the island. *A previous version of this video stated that rats first came to New Zealand aboard ships. We have since clarified that rodents first arrived on voyaging canoes, and we've replaced the imagery accordingly. For more, read Ed Yong’s Atlantic article, “New Zealand’s War on Rats Could Change the World:" Subscribe to The Atlantic on YouTube:

The Climate Hellscape Is Coming, and Capitalism Can't Save Us by The Atlantic

1 Hour Dark Piano for Mental illness | Piano For Mental Illness

You are not alone. 00:00 Psychopath 05:57 Dementia 13:15 Depression 16:55 Anorexia 20:58 Sociopath 27:08 Alzheimer's 31:31 Anxiety 36:54 Asperger's 39:18 Bipolar 43:36 BPD 46:41 Liar 56:57 OCD 1:00:57 Paranoia 1:03:50 Paranoia II 1:06:44 PTSD 1:09:58 Sadist 1:13:59 Schizophrenia 1:16:55 Social Anxiety 1:19:55 Addiction 1:23:32 ADHD 1:27:12 Autism Art by Delun!

1 Hour of Sad War Music II | Only The Dead Have Seen The End of War

00:00 PTSD 03:00 The Last Harpy 06:49 Quiet's Theme 13:30 Requiem 17:50 Obito's Death 20:43 Ad Ultimum Hominis 22:45 Quiet 25:18 Guilt 30:50 Anguish 33:53 Why 38:15 Just Sit Here 41:46 Here There Be Soft Rains 45:06 End Game 47:15 Blackwater 51:40 The Chosen One 55:30 Remember The Clones Thank you Lone Tree Productions for suggesting this quote! I am not the artist of the artwork

1 Hour of Dark Piano Music III | Dark Piano For Dark Thoughts

Art by Nicola Samori 00:00 Outsider 01:54 Waiting for Sunrise 07:07 Null 11:19 Melancholia 16:00 Abyss 21:05 Apathy 24:22 Black World 27:20 Claustrophobia 32:34 Social Anxiety 33:50 The Stalker 37:36 Deranged 41:23 Envy 43:43 Greed 46:42 Jealousy 50:27 Monophobia 53:06 Hannah Baker 55:51 Urges

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

I’M KEEPING AN EYE ON IT: Theunis and Cecilia Wessels of Three Hills, Alberta, CANADA

I’M KEEPING AN EYE ON IT: Theunis and Cecilia Wessels of Three Hills, Alberta, CANADA

THREE HILLS, Alta. — A photo of a man in Alberta mowing a lawn with a tornado swirling behind him has been causing a storm on social media.
Cecilia Wessels snapped the picture of her husband, Theunis, on Friday evening as the twister passed near their home in Three Hills.
She said cutting the grass was on her husband’s to-do list, and as he started the task, she went for a nap.
Wessels said she was woken by her nine-year-old daughter who was upset that there was something like a tornado in the sky, but her father wouldn’t come inside.
Theunis Wessels said the tornado was actually much further away than it appears in the photo, and that it was moving away from them.
There have been no reports of injuries from the tornado, although some other photos show downed trees and a barn with its roof ripped off.
“I literally took the picture to show my mum and dad in South Africa, ‘Look there’s a tornado,’ and now everyone is like, ‘Why is your husband mowing the lawn?’” Cecilia Wessels said Saturday.
“Our whole street, everyone was on their back patios taking pictures,” she said.
Theunis Wessels said he was keeping watch of his surroundings and saw the twister form as the swirling connected from the sky and the ground to form the funnel.
Both said tornadoes are not common in South Africa, but Theunis said he watched a TV program about storm chasers, so he’s familiar with them.
The tornado moved away to the east, he said.
“It looks much closer if you look in the photo, but it was really far away. Well, not really far, far away, but it was far away from us,” he said.
“I was keeping an eye on it.”
© Copyright Times Colonist
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What Launches to Space On SpaceX’s 19th Cargo Mission?

Alanis Morissette Updates 'Ironic' Lyrics

Watch SpaceX launch (and land) a Falcon 9 going to the ISS! (CRS-19)

SpaceX will be launching their cargo Dragon spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS) for NASA. The Dragon — which has flown twice — will be launched on a Falcon 9 (1059.1) from Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40) at Cape Canaveral in Florida. The booster supporting this mission is brand new. After the booster releases the second stage and Dragon, it will perform a boost back burn, reentry burn, and landing burn. The booster will land on Of Course I Still Love You, which will be located 344.42km down range. It is unclear why the booster is landing downrange, when it is a routine mission for NASA and SpaceX. Want to learn more? Check out our Prelaunch-Preview! -

Monday, December 2, 2019

Danny the Dog - I Am Home - Massive Attack

Artificial Intelligence: 2030; Anonymous Official

The One Sign of Pathological Narcissism You've Never Heard Before

Self Administered EMDR with Binaural Tones at 110 Hz

Self administered EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization And Reprocessing) also known as eye movement therapy, is a medical treatment) used professionally to treat PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) nightmares, flashbacks, ,dissociation, headaches, fears, bruxism, phobias, paranoia,anxiety, etc. and includes a background of binaural sound (use headphones), at 110Hz. EEG tests that detect the brain’s electrical activity have found that at 110 Hz, the human brain temporarily switches from left to right brain activity, the side of creativity. Further experiments show that 110 Hz has a tendancy to stimulate particular brain rhythms associated with trance-like states.
#emdr #ptsd #anxiety #binauralbeats #nightmares Use regularly for cumulative effect. If you have enjoyed this video, then why not subscribe - IT'S FREE! and recieve our newest uploads as they come out (usually every Friday). We create quality Guided Meditation/Motivational/relaxation videos that are freely available to everyone through YouTube. We hope our videos will be of some help to people on the uneven and sometimes bumpy journey through life. Our videos are not connected to any religious beliefs and can therefore be used by anyone, whatever their belief or lack thereof.

Верховный суд постановил запретить Свидетелей Иеговы и конфисковать их имущество, заявив, что они "экстремисты".

Верховный суд постановил запретить Свидетелей Иеговы и конфисковать их имущество, заявив, что они "экстремисты".

Self Administered EMDR Video Session [only for MILD traumatic events]

[SUPER-ADVANCED] 8-Hour Sleep! Growth Hormone, Memory, Learning and More: The Best Binaural Beats

[ADVANCED] The Best Binaural Beats for a Deep Sleep (90-Minute Sleep Cycle)

[ADVANCED] The Best Binaural Beats for a Deep Sleep

** PLEASE NOTE: If you're new to binaural beats, I highly recommend my "beginner" track: Continue watching this video at your own risk! ** DOWNLOAD all my binaural beat content here: ** NO SOUND? Stereo headphones are REQUIRED in order for your brain to receive the benefits of this video! ** DISABLE any filters on your device (DTS, surround enhancers, bass boost, etc) as they will interfere with proper audio playback. After using Holosync and Hemi-Sync products to meditate and sleep for the last 10 years, I decided it was time to start making my own binaural beat tracks that didn't have all the extra sound effects and dated music added on top. Before making my own track, I came to YouTube and was shocked to see all the garbage there is out here. Unlock your codons with a DNA-healing miracle tone? Please. That's not remotely how binaural beats work... and 528 Hz is an annoying, uncomfortable tone to listen to. Schumann resonance doesn't apply here, either, because we're not vibrating every cell of the body with a loudspeaker, we're only playing gentle tones into the ears. This video isn't perfect, either, and much of the information contained in it has not yet been verified by perusing actual scientific research papers. There's a ton of information about binaural beats on the Internet, the vast majority of which is basically made-up trash. For now, based on what I know today, I'm certain that listening to the audio contained in this presentation (with stereo headphones) will help anybody enjoy a peaceful, restful, deep sleep ... or, at the very least, become very calm and relaxed. I used myself as a guinea pig and tested this track for a week before posting it here. I was thrilled with the results! As far as volume goes, make sure it's loud enough that you can clearly hear the tones in both ears, but quiet enough that you'll be able to fall asleep without being distracted by the noise. Enjoy! ** DISCLAIMER: I’m not a doctor, just a nerd who loves meditation and experimenting with new things. I test every binaural beat track on myself and make sure I'm happy with the result before I make it public. Ultimately, every person is going to have their own unique experience. Using this track is done at your own risk -- if you start to experience any negative effects, STOP using it!

Surprises from Asteroid Bennu

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker | Final Trailer

CLASSY! Putin: The United States Is A Great Country, And Russia Has Alwa...

Your Chance to fly Yak-40, Il-76, An-12, An-26, Mi-26, Mi-8 & more! Cock...

In May 2020 you have the unique chance to fly all these stunning aircraft and even more yourself during Merlintour’s Belarus & Ukraine aviation tour!!! Sign up and meet the AirClips team in action. If you state you come through „AirClips“ when making your reservation, you will automatically participate in the lucky draw of a nice scale 1/100 Boeing 737-700 aircraft model! Good luck and see you in Belarus! For all details and reservations visit:

Pink Floyd - Wearing The Inside Out (lyrics)

Wearing The Inside Out is the first song since Time (from The Dark Side of The Moon, 1973) to feature Richard Wright's lead vocals. It is also his final lead vocal on a Pink Floyd album. Writer(s): Richard Wright, Anthony Moore

The “Women Are Wonderful” Effect - Fiamengo Files Number 108

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

How the poor people survive in the USA | DW Documentary

TOUCHING! Putin: God Created Such World That We Will All Be Gone - Impor...

An Incredible Country With No Unemployment, Homeless and Poor People. Ev...

For copyright matters please contact us at: TechZone ►

Lance's Dark Mood Party Mix Vol 191(Trip Hop / Downtempo / Electronica /...

1. Rust Cohle - In The Zone 2. Obscure - An Oriental Banquet – 3:28 3. Jenova 7 and Mr. Moods - Smooth Jazz Backup – 7:59 4. Earthling - Haunted Head – 14:17 5. Kvnb - Spay See – 18:50 6. Ogi feel the Beat - ILL TOO – 21:34 7. FlipPhysics – Resolution – 24:54 8. vice – stadteinwaerts – 28:36 9. mCurtis – Kiboo(feat. Hugo Kant & Daphne BlueBird) (Asagaya Remix) – 31:55 10. AK420 – Ziitloope – 34:56 11. Choose Life Beats - Buenos Aires Climax – 38:34 12. Jazz Spastiks & People Without Shoes - Super Fly Funk(Instru-mental) – 42:23 13. Peshay - Miles From Home(Underdog Remix) – 45:01 14. Palinodia - Power Of Life – 54:07 15. Aurelius Zon & Marco Uson - Arboles Frente a mi Ventana – 59:23 16. Remulak - Wonka Bar – 1:06:30 Thank you for listening. If you enjoyed this mix, you can check out my previous mix (Vol.190) here: If you want to “tip the DJ” you can go here to support the channel…

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

The Most Eye Opening 10 Minutes Of Your Life.. Everyone Should Know This!

Simon & Garfunkel - The Sound of Silence (Original Version from 1964) Hello, darkness, my old friend I've come to talk with you again Because a vision softly creeping Left its seeds while I was sleeping And the vision that was planted in my brain Still remains Within the sound of silence In restless dreams I walked alone Narrow streets of cobblestone 'Neath the halo of a streetlamp I turned my collar to the cold and damp When my eyes were stabbed by the flash of a neon light That split the night And touched the sound of silence And in the naked light I saw Ten thousand people, maybe more People talking without speaking People hearing without listening People writing songs that voices never share No one dared Disturb the sound of silence "Fools," said I, "You do not know Silence like a cancer grows Hear my words that I might teach you Take my arms that I might reach you." But my words like silent raindrops fell And echoed in the wells of silence And the people bowed and prayed To the neon god they made And the sign flashed out its warning In the words that it was forming And the sign said, "The words of the prophets Are written on the subway walls And tenement halls And whispered in the sounds of silence."

Simon & Garfunkel - The Sound of Silence (Original Version from 1964)                        

Crosby Stills Nash - Southern Cross - Got out of town on a boat goin' to Southern islands Sailing a reach before a followin' sea She was makin' for the trades on the outside And the downhill run to Papeete Off the wind on this heading lie the Marquesas We got eighty feet of the waterline nicely making way In a noisy bar in Avalon I tried to call you But on a midnight watch I realized why twice you ran away Think about Think about how many times I have fallen Spirits are using me larger voices callin' What Heaven brought you and me cannot be forgotten (Around the world) I have been around the world (Lookin') Lookin' for that woman girl (Who knows she knows) Who knows love can endure And you know it will When you see the Southern Cross for the first time You understand now why you came this way 'Cause the truth you might be runnin' from is so small But it's as big as the promise, the promise of a comin' day So I'm sailing for tomorrow my dreams are a dyin' And my love is an anchor tied to you tied with a silver chain I have my ship and all her flags are a' flyin' She is all that I have left and music is her name Think about Think about how many times I have fallen Spirits are using me larger voices callin' What Heaven brought you and me cannot be forgotten (I've been around the world) I have been around the world (Lookin') Lookin' for that woman girl Who knows love can endure And you know it will, and you know it will yes Oooh ... So we cheated and we lied and we tested And we never failed to fail it was the easiest thing to do You will survive being bested Somebody fine will come along make me forget about loving you At the southern cross

The Organians Prophecy The Klingons and The Federation Will Become Friends

Monday, November 25, 2019

Family Trip to Dorney Park, Pennsylvania - 1963

Hickory Run State Park. Pocono Mountains, Pa - 1962

Dr. Clyde L. Seitz Farm House, Glen Rock, Pa. - 1937

USS Turner Joy at Lake Union Drydock

(Shame upon the one who thought badly of it) Origins of the Phrase: "Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense" by Camille Chevalier-Karfis

Origins of the Expression 'Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense'

English symbol bearing the words
Bernard Gagnon/Wikimedia Commons

"Honi soit qui mal y pense" are French words that you'll find on Britain's royal coat of arms, on the cover of British passports, in British courtrooms, and elsewhere of note. But why does this Middle French expression appear in weighty official uses in Britain?

Origins of 'Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense'

These words were first uttered by England's King Edward III in the 14th century. At that time, he reigned over a part of France. The language spoken at the English court among the aristocracy and clergy and in courts of law was Norman French, as it had been since the time of William the Conqueror of Normandy, starting in 1066.

While the ruling classes spoke Norman French, the peasants (who comprised the majority of the population) continued to speak English. French eventually fell out of use for reasons of practicality. By the middle of the 15th century, English again ascended to the throne, so to speak, replacing French in British centers of power.

Around 1348, King Edward III founded the Chivalric Order of the Garter, which today is the highest order of chivalry and the third most prestigious honor awarded in Britain. It is not known with certainty why this name was chosen for the order. According to historian Elias Ashmole, the Garter is founded on the idea that as King Edward III prepared for the Battle of Crécy during the Hundred Years' War, he gave "forth his own garter as the signal." Thanks to Edward's introduction of the deadly longbow, the well-equipped British army proceeded to vanquish an army of thousands of knights under French King Philip VI in this decisive battle in Normandy.

Another theory suggests a totally different and rather fun story: King Edward III was dancing with Joan of Kent, his first cousin and daughter-in-law. Her garter slipped down to her ankle, causing people nearby to mock her.

In an act of chivalry, Edward placed the garter around his own leg saying, in Middle French, "Honi soit qui mal y pense. Tel qui s'en rit aujourd'hui, s'honorera de la porter, car ce ruban sera mis en tel honneur que les railleurs le chercheront avec empressement" ("Shame on him who thinks evil of it. Those who laugh at this today will be proud to wear it tomorrow because this band will be worn with such honor that those mocking now will be looking for it with much eagerness").

Meaning of the Phrase

Nowadays, this expression could be used to say "Honte à celui qui y voit du mal," or "Shame on the one who sees something bad [or evil] in it."

"Je danse souvent avec Juliette...Mais c'est ma cousine, et il n'y a rien entre nous: Honi soit qui mal y pense!"
"I often dance with Juliette. But she is my cousin, and there is nothing between us: Shame on the one who sees something bad in it!"

Spelling Variations

Honi comes from the Middle French verb honir, which means to shame, disgrace, dishonor. It is never used today. Honi is sometimes spelled honni with two n's. Both are pronounced like honey.

Sources Editors. "Battle of Crecy." The History Channel, A&E Television Networks, LLC, March 3, 2010.
"The Order of the Garter." The Royal Household, England.

Sunday, November 24, 2019

The Birth of Feminism at Seneca Falls New York, 1848

Awkward! The idea of "corporate personhood" relies on the same Amendment that gives birthright citizenship - Pando by Mark Ames

By Mark Ames , written on August 31, 2015

From The History Desk
“Neither the history nor the language of the Fourteenth Amendment justifies the belief that corporations are included within its protection.” —Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black
We’ve all heard about Donald Trump’s crazy immigration policy. But what most people don’t realise is that, compared to most other candidates, Trump is late to this “anchor baby”-bashing game. In fact, most of the GOP candidates want to change the 14th Amendment to deny birthright citizenship to children born here to foreign parents.
Rand Paul, Silicon Valley’s favorite boy-disrupter, launched his crusade against birthright citizenship literally his first week in the Senate, and he hasn’t stopped bashing “anchor babies” since, sponsoring bills and Constitutional amendments and yammering away in that squeaky voice of his about anchor babies.
But beyond the twisted racist dementia fueling this, there’s another problem for these GOP candidates: Section One of the 14th Amendment, granting birthright citizenship to anyone born in the US, is also the same section of the same amendment interpreted by our courts to grant corporations “personhood.”
And as we know, every GOP candidate supports corporate personhood. (There’s a question about where Trump stands on corporate personhood because of his public attacks on Citizens United—he criticizes SuperPACs and somewhat criticizes CU, although he’s obviously in favor of CU’s predecessor, Buckley v Valeo, which allows Trump to finance his own run for president.)
So to repeat: GOP candidates from Trump and Bush down the line to Silicon Valley’s boy-disrupter Rand Paul want to revoke citizenship to living humans born in the US to foreign parents; but they support granting citizenship rights and guarantees to artificial persons –corporations – which are really legal fictions granted by the states, allowing a pool of investors legal liability and tax advantages in order to profit more than they otherwise would as mere living humans.
How this country got saddled with this utterly counterintuitive, counter-democratic legal fiction known as corporate personhood—granting corporations rights and protections as US citizens, including First Amendment rights to spend as much money as the corporations want to influence elections and the “religious liberty” to discriminate against gays and lesbians; Fourth Amendment rights to “privacy” from prying government regulators, OSHA inspectors and environmental protection agency “jackboots”; fifth amendment protections from being forced to give self-incriminating testimony; and so on down the absurdum line—is worth a quick retelling, not least because of its connections to Silicon Valley and the founder of Stanford.
Yep, we have a 130-year-old Silicon Valley lawsuit to thank for America’s corporate personhood: Santa Clara County v Southern Pacific, the railroad that made a small-time grocer named Leland Stanford into a filthy rich robber baron, thanks to government handouts, government bribes, and asset stripping on a scale that would’ve made Boris Berezovsky stand up and clap.
Briefly, the massive spending and technological advances during the Civil War created a handful of super-wealthy and ambitious robber barons using corporate charters to amass unparalleled wealth and power. And no corporation was more powerful at this time than the railroads, which, somewhat like Internet commerce, reorganized space and time in a revolutionary way, massively shrinking spaces not just geographically, but shrinking spaces between resources and factories, between cattle ranchers and butchers, and between goods and markets.
The effect (like today) was a massive reorganization of America’s political economy, and powerful centralization under the new corporations and trusts, led first by the railroad companies. Just as the Internet and affiliated technologies were first developed by the government and privatized to individual businessmen, so the railroads were created by the federal government in the form of massive land grants, and government-backed mortgage bonds on the land granted by the government.  
Southern Pacific was the second major railroad line to the California coast that Stanford and his partners like Collis Huntington took control of (the first being the Central Pacific) essentially with zero money down. Leland Stanford was California’s governor and then Senator; it was said of Stanford that,
“[N]o she-lion defending her whelps or a bear her cubs will make a more savage fight than will Mr. Stanford in defense of his material interests.”
While Leland worked his contacts to get land grants, his grocer-partner from Sacramento, Collis Huntington, traveled to Washington DC with suitcases full of cash. From DC, Huntington sent letters to Stanford and his other partners, telling them, “It has cost money to fix things,” and “I believe with $200,000 we can pass our bill [to grant federal land for the Central Pacific Railroad].”
They got the grants; floated the bonds; used the money to start building the railroad lines; and then issued more stock and bonds based on the assets that they were building, all granted to them and backed by the federal government. While watering down the railroads’ stocks and bonds, Stanford, Huntington and partners, known as “The Associates,” set up a separate construction company, “Credit & Finance Corporation” which won all the exclusive contracts to construct the railroads, charging exorbitant prices and thus draining value from the railroad companies, which, when bankrupted, were eventually dumped on the public. As an old book I’ve been reading on the robber barons described the Associates’ business model:
“The Federal government seems . . . to have assumed the major portion of the risk and the Associates seem to have derived the profits.”
Plus ca change...
Through such means, a handful of corporations and figures amassed unparalleled wealth and power, and deployed the corporate structure in new and innovative ways to amass that power and protect their wealth and properties. One of the “problems” that railroads found themselves running into in the 1870s and 1880s was unpredictable taxation, from county to county, locale to locale. Never mind that the railroads, by their sheer power, had already essentially blackmailed and bullied locales during the building of the lines—cities and commercial hubs were literally created, or strangled out of existence, based on whether or not they bent to the railroad companies’ demands for land rights, payoffs, and infrastructure.
According to journalist Matthew Josephson, for example, the Southern Pacific Railroad bosses demanded that Los Angeles County essentially pay the railroad owners five percent of the assessed valuation of all the county land and assets to get the Southern Pacific line to run through that county rather than through somewhere else, thereby strangling LA. The county agreed, paying up the equivalent to $100 (in mid-19th century dollars) from every man, woman, child and Native American in the county, straight into the pockets of the four Associates—Stanford, Huntington, Charles Crocker and Mark Hopkins.
However, when the counties started to assess each their own separate property taxes and toll taxes on the railroads a few years after they were built, the railroad companies cried foul and claimed they were were suffering from discrimination and “unequal protection” before the law.
It was over this—variable taxation rates in different counties—that corporate personhood was originally pressed into being. Not to protect the “free speech rights” of all “persons” and “entities” from an alleged slippery slope towards totalitarianism, as billionaire tycoon Pierre Omidyar’s in-house defender of Citizen United repeatedly argues.
To get a sense of the sudden power of corporations—according to Thom Hartmann’s excellent history “Unequal Protection,” of the 307 Fourteenth Amendment cases brought to the Supreme Court between the mid-1880s and 1910, 288 were suits brought by corporations seeking personhood rights, while only 19 were brought on behalf of African-Americans.
Let’s go back and remind ourselves again why the Fourteenth Amendment was passed in 1868: It was one of three new amendments to the Constitution passed after the deadliest war in US history had just ended, in which hundreds of thousands of Americans (and a president) died to end slavery—the Thirteenth Amendment, outlawing slavery; the Fourteenth Amendment, granting full US citizenship rights to all former slaves; and the Fifteenth Amendment, prohibiting governments from denying the right to vote to citizens based on their race, color, or “previous condition of servitude.”
In the 1882 case San Mateo County v. Southern Pacific, Leland Stanford’s lawyers argued that the Fourteenth Amendment, Section One, was meant to protect all persons, including artificial persons like corporations, and grant these various “persons” artificial or natural “equal protection under the law.” In practice this would mean that San Mateo County would not have the right to assess a different tax on Southern Pacific than other counties. Southern Pacific withheld its tax payment for years while the case worked its way through the courts. The 9th Circuit Court in San Francisco, led by Stephen Field—who also happened to be simultaneously a Supreme Court Judge, and was called one of the most corrupt men in all of California in his time—ruled in favor of the railroads, granting them Fourteenth Amendment personhood.  But when the case went up from the 9th Circuit to the Supreme Court, Field’s ruling was struck down by the full court, and corporate personhood didn’t make it.
In Santa Clara County v Southern Pacific, brought before the Supreme Court in 1885, the railroad company protested against having to pay a tax of about $30,000 on properties with $30 million in mortgages — or something like .001% tax. Way too much for Leland’s pals. Communism! Totalitarianism! (Or in e-commerce-speak, “Why should we pay the same sales tax everyone else pays? Can’t you see you’re stifling innovation!”) Santa Clara County took Southern Pacific to court to get them to pay their taxes, which the railroad refused to do for several years, citing six key defenses, including the argument that the railroad was a person granted rights and protections by the Fourteenth Amendment.
And here’s where it gets weird: Because in the decision Santa Clara County v Southern Pacific, you won’t find an actual ruling by the justices declaring that corporations are people protected by the Fourteenth Amendment. Instead, what you have is a line in the headnote to the ruling—a headnote written by the court reporter, not by the justices themselves, and stuck in there with or without the consent of some of the justices. The court reporter at the time, J. C. Bancroft Davis, was a heavyweight in his own right—both a deputy and interim Secretary of State, as well as a director of a railroad line in the east coast.
Headnotes by court reporters are not law; but the headnote, alleging to quote the Chief Justice stating, “The defendant Corporations are persons within the intent of the clause in section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which forbids a State to deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
That’s from Davis’ court reporter headnote to the decision—but the decision itself explicitly avoids ruling on the case on any but technical grounds, that Santa Clara County assessed the railroads fences as property to be taxed, which the court ruled was not fair. The actual SCOTUS decision rests solely on that point, and makes zero mention of corporate personhood or the Fourteenth Amendment.
But American law, like British law, follows common law precedent, and once it became possible for other courts to cite the court reporter’s headnote to the Santa Clara County decision, corporations attained personhood by precedence, rather than by ruling.
And here we are today—where we have an Amendment meant to protect vulnerable and abused minorities now under attack from Lincoln’s party, who at the same time want to use the same section in the same amendment to protect fictitious artificial persons and allow them greater rights and powers than even those of us born here to American parents.

[Note: Read Thom Hartmann’s excellent history on corporate personhood, “Unequal Protection” to get a better sense of how crazy this is.]

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